Clustering-coefficient- artificial intelligence, Computer Engineering

This programming assignment is about computing topological properties of Protein-Protein Interaction (PPI) networks. Recall that a PPI network is represented by a graph G=(V,E) where  nodes of V represent  proteins and an edge of E connecting  two nodes represents interacting proteins (either physically or functionally).  The properties include clustering coefficient and node centrality.  A detailed description of these properties  follows:

 Clustering coefficient

In many networks, if node u is connected to v, and v is connected to w, then it is highly probable that u also has a direct link to w. This phenomenon can be quantified using the clustering coefficient

Cu = 2nu/ k(k-1)

where nu is the number of edges connecting the ku  neighbors of node u to each other. In other words, Cu gives the number of 'triangles' that go through node i, whereas ku(ku -1)/2 is the total number of triangles that could pass through node u, should all of node u's neighbors be connected to each other.

The average clustering coefficient,<C>, characterizes the overall tendency of nodes to form clusters or groups. An important measure of the network's structure is the function C(h),which is defined as the average clustering coefficient of all nodes of degree h, i.e. with h adjacent vertices.

Closeness centrality of a node

Closeness-centrality is a measure of node centrality and uses information about the length of the shortest paths within a network; it uses the sum of the shortest distances of a node to all other nodes. The closeness-centrality of node u is defined as the reciprocal of this sum:

Cclo(u) = 1/(ΣvV dist (u , v)).

Implementation

Write 5 subroutines:

1.    Clustering-Coefficient

2.    All-Pairs-Shortest-Paths

3.    Create-Adjacency-Matrix

4.    Node-Centrality

5.    Get-Shortest-Paths 

The subroutine Clutering-Coefficient outputs 1) the average clustering coefficient <C>, 2) C(H), for all H values, and 3) the top 5 nodes (proteins) with highest cluster coefficient. The protein ids should be those used in the .sif file.

The procedure Create-Adjacency-Matrix takes as input argument the .sif representation of a graph and generates the adjacency matrix representation of the graph. It uses hashes (as defined in perl)  to map the protein ids into indexes of the adjacency matrix. 

The procedure All-Pairs-Shortest-Paths has as input argument the adjacency matrix representation of a graph. The subroutine returns a two-dimensional matrix, A, with A[i,j]  giving the length of the shortest path between nodes i and j.

 The subroutine Node-Centrality outputs the top 5 nodes according to the centrality measure, that is the 5 proteins that are most central. The protein ids should be those used in the .sif file.

 The subroutine Get-Shortest-Path takes in input a pair of nodes and the adjacency matrix representation of a graph and returns a shortest path  between the two nodes.  Call this subroutine from the main using as input parameters the two nodes with highest value of node-centrality.

 Data

In this assignment you analyze the Protein-Protein Interaction (PPI) graph of the herpes Kaposi virus. The file kshv.cys (available at t-square, Resources) contains such a graph in cytoscape format.

You select the subgraph of this network consisting of the nodes with degree equal or less than k,(k=7).

This will be the input to your perl program Properties-PPI-Networks.pl that calls the subroutines described above.

Electronically submit the following:

a.     the file Properties-PPI-Networks.pl containing the main program and all subroutines. 

b.    A document where you state the time complexity of each subroutine  as a function of the number of nodes and/or edges and explain how you obtained it.

 

Posted Date: 2/21/2013 4:57:21 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Clustering-coefficient- artificial intelligence, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Clustering-coefficient- artificial intelligence, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Clustering-coefficient- artificial intelligence Discussions

Write discussion on Clustering-coefficient- artificial intelligence
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Determine the function of Dynamic model Dynamic model: Dynamic model describes how system responds to external events. The implementation of the control flow in a program must


What are the various mechanisms for implementing I/O operations? a) Program controlled I/O b) Interrupts c) DMA

Need an help for projects

converting 10 ASCII characters to excess three using mplab ide

HOW TO WORK IN DREAMWEAVER? How and Where to open Dreamweaver? Step 1: Click on Start Step 2: Select Program Step 3: Select Macromedia Dreamweaver Step 4: Click on

Concept of Temporal Parallelism In order to describe what is meant by parallelism inherent in the answer of a problem, let us talk about an example of submission of electricity

How can we send data to external programs? Using SPA/GPA parameters(SAP memory). Using EXPORT/IMPORT data (ABAP/4 memory)

Event-based Simulator Digital  Logic  Simulation  method  sacrifices  performance  for  rich  functionality:  each active signal  is  calculated  for  every  device  it  propa

Logic manufactures have produced 'large scale' logic (LSI) blocks to achieve complex functions; a typical set of logic functions is that of data storage. There are two main types o