Characteristics of Artificial Intelligence:
Artificial Intelligence is not an easy science to describe, as it has fuzzy borders with simulation mathematics, computer science technology, philosophy, psychology, statistics, physics, biology and many other disciplines with its logics. It is often characterised in different ways, some of which are given below. You can use these categorizations to interact various important issues in "AI".
Long Term Relations
Just what is the science of Artificial Intelligence trying to perform? At a very high level, you will know that "AI" researchers categorised as either 'weak' or 'strong'. The 'strong AI' people think that computers can achieve consciousness (although they may not be programming on consciousness tools). The 'weak AI' people don't go that far. Other people talk of the dissimilarity between 'Big AI' and 'Small AI'.
'Big AI' is the attempt to build robots of intelligence equalling that of humans, like Lieutenant Commander Data from Star Trek. 'Small AI' is all about getting easy logics to occupant for small problems and trying to generalize the new techniques to work on larger problems. Most "AI" researchers don't worry about things like consciousness and focus on some of the following long term relations.