Calculate the entropy, Physics

1. Sodium dodecyl sulfate is a detergent with a charged hydrophilic sulfate head group and a 12 carbon hydrocarbon tail.  In solid form it exists as a monomeric molecule but upon dissolving in water at room temperature (298 K) it assembles spontaneously (ΔG = -16.4 kJ/mol) into a higher ordered micelle with the structure shown below.

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A. Measurements of this process at room temperature show an enthalpy of micelle formation (ΔH) of -1.42 kJ/mol.  Calculate the entropy for this reaction.  Is micelle formation accompanied by an increase or decrease in the disorder of the system?  Explain your answer.

B. Micelle formation is a good example of what type of noncovalent interaction?

C. Micelle formation in the presence of 0.5 M NaCl results in a more negative ΔH value of -8.49 kJ/mol with no further change in entropy compared to micelle formation in water.  Is micelle formation more energetically favored in water or 0.5 M NaCl?  What noncovalent interaction could account for this change in enthalpy?

Posted Date: 3/1/2013 6:06:51 AM | Location : United States

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