Bureaucracy, Microeconomics

BUREAUCRACY:

M de Gournay, an economist of France, first coined the word Bureaucracy in the eighteenth century to refer to "a fourth or fifth form of Government" in which "officers, clerks, secretaries, inspectors and attendants are not appointed to benefit the public interest. Indeed the public interest appears to have been established so that offices might exist". Harolds J. Laski defines the term bureaucracy as a system of Government, the control of which is so completely in the hands of officials that their power jeopardises the liberties of ordinary citizens. The characteristics of such a regime are a passion for routine in administration, the sacrifice of flexibility to rule, delay in the making of decisions and a refusal to embark upon experiment. In extreme cases, the members of a bureaucracy may become a hereditary caste manipulating Government to their own advantage. Max Weber, the German social scientist thinks that bureaucracy is among those social structures which are the most difficult to eliminate. Bureaucracy is an ideal type as it is based on impersonal and rational basis.  Weber classifies the authority as  traditional, i.e. "resting on an established belief in the sanctity of immemorial traditions and the legitimacy of the status of those exercising authority under them",  charistmatic i.e. "resting on the devotion to the specific and exceptional sanctity, heroism or exemplary character of an individual person, and of the normative patterns or order revealed or ordained by him", and  legal, i.e., "resting on the premises of legality of patterns of normative rules and the right of those elevated to authority under such rules to issues commands". Legal authority is superior and more logical than charismatic.  

Posted Date: 11/10/2012 5:27:21 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Bureaucracy, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Bureaucracy, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Bureaucracy Discussions

Write discussion on Bureaucracy
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
What caused the productivity slowdown?  Observers have pointed to 4 factors--Oil prices, baby boom, increased problems of economic measurement and environmental protection expe


Distinguish between the terms of trade and the balance of trade. Basic explanation of the terms of trade as the average price of exports in relation to the average price of imp

Reorder Point Techniques Systems based on reorder points assume that demand is uniform and predictable and that there is no true identifiable time of need. Hence, stock must a

Problem 1: a. Describe the concept of opportunity cost, using the production possibility curve. b. What are the fundamental problems of an economy? Describe how the command

explain how macro and micro issues may be represented using production possibility curve

do you think that dimnishing returns to a factor are consistent with increasing returns to scale? explain with suitable diagram and reasoning.

An individual derives utility from consuming goods X and Y according to the following estimated utility function U = 12X 2/3 Y ¼       X and Y are quantities (units) of

trend and structure of national income in nigeria

GROWTH OF EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES: Policy failure refers to situations:   i) When the objectives of public policy are attained partially or inadequately or in a distorted