Bureaucracy, Microeconomics

BUREAUCRACY:

M de Gournay, an economist of France, first coined the word Bureaucracy in the eighteenth century to refer to "a fourth or fifth form of Government" in which "officers, clerks, secretaries, inspectors and attendants are not appointed to benefit the public interest. Indeed the public interest appears to have been established so that offices might exist". Harolds J. Laski defines the term bureaucracy as a system of Government, the control of which is so completely in the hands of officials that their power jeopardises the liberties of ordinary citizens. The characteristics of such a regime are a passion for routine in administration, the sacrifice of flexibility to rule, delay in the making of decisions and a refusal to embark upon experiment. In extreme cases, the members of a bureaucracy may become a hereditary caste manipulating Government to their own advantage. Max Weber, the German social scientist thinks that bureaucracy is among those social structures which are the most difficult to eliminate. Bureaucracy is an ideal type as it is based on impersonal and rational basis.  Weber classifies the authority as  traditional, i.e. "resting on an established belief in the sanctity of immemorial traditions and the legitimacy of the status of those exercising authority under them",  charistmatic i.e. "resting on the devotion to the specific and exceptional sanctity, heroism or exemplary character of an individual person, and of the normative patterns or order revealed or ordained by him", and  legal, i.e., "resting on the premises of legality of patterns of normative rules and the right of those elevated to authority under such rules to issues commands". Legal authority is superior and more logical than charismatic.  

Posted Date: 11/10/2012 5:27:21 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Bureaucracy, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Bureaucracy, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Bureaucracy Discussions

Write discussion on Bureaucracy
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
suppose you have a coffee shop. list of fixed input and variable input for operating the shop. ques-2 describe the condition under in which labour treated as variable cost and whic

Return on Equity: It's a measure of business profitability equal to net after-tax income divided by average level of shareholders' equity in the business. Sales Tax: A tax im

Write a 1-2 page summary on markey failure

Commodities that are viewed as luxuries typically have price elastic demand, and commodities that are requirements have price inelastic demand.  There is easily no substitute for a

Define injections and withdrawals.   "The inflows in circular flow of income are known as injections". Investment, government spending and exports are there in injections "The

PRICE ADJUSTMENTS UNDER FIXED EXCHANGE RATE: In a flexible exchange rate regime trade deficits (surpluses) are automatically corrected by a depreciation (appreciation) of a co

Two people are engaged in a joint project. If each person i puts in the effort xi, the outcome of the project is worth f(x1, x2). Each person’s effort level xi is a number between

how do you find the average fixed costs using total fixed costs and total product?

A type of economy (like in Europe in the Middle Ages) which is primarily agricultural however productive enough to support a class of merchants andartisans. Feudal societies are co

In the following article , I want you to comment on the type of market structure and whether Kinked Demand apply and what will possibly be the market share for GM and VW? ""In case