Bureaucracy, Microeconomics

BUREAUCRACY:

M de Gournay, an economist of France, first coined the word Bureaucracy in the eighteenth century to refer to "a fourth or fifth form of Government" in which "officers, clerks, secretaries, inspectors and attendants are not appointed to benefit the public interest. Indeed the public interest appears to have been established so that offices might exist". Harolds J. Laski defines the term bureaucracy as a system of Government, the control of which is so completely in the hands of officials that their power jeopardises the liberties of ordinary citizens. The characteristics of such a regime are a passion for routine in administration, the sacrifice of flexibility to rule, delay in the making of decisions and a refusal to embark upon experiment. In extreme cases, the members of a bureaucracy may become a hereditary caste manipulating Government to their own advantage. Max Weber, the German social scientist thinks that bureaucracy is among those social structures which are the most difficult to eliminate. Bureaucracy is an ideal type as it is based on impersonal and rational basis.  Weber classifies the authority as  traditional, i.e. "resting on an established belief in the sanctity of immemorial traditions and the legitimacy of the status of those exercising authority under them",  charistmatic i.e. "resting on the devotion to the specific and exceptional sanctity, heroism or exemplary character of an individual person, and of the normative patterns or order revealed or ordained by him", and  legal, i.e., "resting on the premises of legality of patterns of normative rules and the right of those elevated to authority under such rules to issues commands". Legal authority is superior and more logical than charismatic.  

Posted Date: 11/10/2012 5:27:21 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Bureaucracy, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Bureaucracy, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Bureaucracy Discussions

Write discussion on Bureaucracy
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Preference to Non-debt Creating Capital Flows: The most important element of strategy has been the paradigm shift in the attitude towards inflow of capital from abroad. Capit

Bank for International Settlements: An international financial regulatory organization based in Switzerland, Bernethat designs international regulations regarding capital adequacy

Why is the goal of stability and security important to many people?  What problems typically emerge during periods of instability? The instability over the business cycle can b

Direct and Indirect Benefits Life time earnings of an educated person is an instance of direct benefit from education. Skills produced in training or extension programmes in a

discuss the central economic problem facing survivor group

Inflation-Unemployment Trade-off under Rational Expectations : Robert Lucas (1972) pointed out another implication of the above hypothesis of adaptive expectations. Suppose in

What is Nancy’s lifetime income as a function of her level of schooling, S? 2. What is Nancy’s lifetime income if she gets no schooling? What is it if she goes to school for all 60


what is a perfect competition and how does it differ from monopoly?

2. You are examining the effects of a specific tax of 10 cents imposed on the sales of a product that we shall call XYZ. To carry out your analysis, assume that the market is a per