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An AVL tree is a binary search tree that has the given properties:
Figure illustrated an AVL tree.
Figure: Balance requirement for AVL tree: the left & right sub tree differ by at most one in height
AVL stands for the names of G.M. Adelson - Velskii & E.M. Landis, two Russian mathematicians, who came up along with this method of keeping the tree balanced.
An AVL tree is a binary search tree that has the balance property and additionally to its key, each of the node stores an additional piece of information: the current balance of its subtree. The three possibilities are following:
The left child contain a height which is greater than the right child by 1.
Both of children have the same height
The right child contains a height that is greater by 1.
An AVL tree that remains balanced guarantees O(log n) search time, even into the worst case. Here, n refer to the number of nodes. The AVL data structure gain this property by placing limitation on the difference in heights among the sub- trees of given node and rebalancing the tree even if it violates these limitation.
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