Applications of Newton's Laws - I, Physics



1. The conclusion from F = ma is that if F = 0 then a = 0 ! quite easy! yet how powerful ! This says that for anybody which is not accelerating the sum of  all the forces acting upon it should vanish.

2. Examples of systems which is in equilibrium: a stone lying on the ground; a pencil balanced on your finger; an aircraft flying at a constant speed, a ladder placed against the wall, and constant height.

3. Examples of systems out of equilibrium: a plane diving downwards; a stone thrown upwards that is at its highest point; a car at rest whose driver has just stepped on the car's accelerator.

4. If you know that the acceleration of a body, it is simple to find the force which causes it to accelerate. Example: An aircraft of mass m has position vector,

1846_application of mewton law.png

What force is acting upon it?



1667_application of mewton law1.png

2306_application of newton law.png


6. Ropes are quite useful because you can pull from the distance and can change the direction of the force. The tension, commonly denoted by T , is the force which you would feel if you cut the rope and then grabbed the ends. For a mass less rope the tension remains the same at every point along the rope. Because, if you take any small piece of the rope it weighs very less. So if the force on one side of the rope was any different from the force on the other side, it would be accelerating quite more. All this was for the "ideal rope" condition which has no mass and never breaks.

7. We are well-known about the frictional force. When the two bodies are rubbed against each other, the frictional force acts upon each body separately in the opposite direction of the motion

(that is, it acts to slow down the motion). The harder you press the two bodies against each

G       G           G

other, the greater the friction. Mathematically, F = μ N , where N is the force by which you press the two bodies against each

other .The quantity μ is called the coefficient of friction. It is quite large for the rough surfaces, and less for smooth ones. Remember that  G       G

                        F = μ N is an empirical relation and holds only approximately.


This is certainly true: if you put a large mass on the table, the table it will start to bend and will eventually break.

8. Friction is caused due to the roughness at the microscopic level

- if you glance at any surface with the powerful microscope

you will observe unevenness and jaggedness. If these big bumps are levelled, friction still will not disappear because there will be little bumps due to the atoms. More accurately, atoms from the two bodies will interact with each other because of the electrostatic interaction between their charges. Even when the atom is neutral, even though it can still exchange electrons and there will be a force because of the surrounding atoms.

1485_application of newton law1.png


9. Suppose that the two blocks below are on the frictionless surface:

493_application of newton law2.png

Hear find out the tension and acceleration: The total force on first mass is F and so F T = m1a. Thus the force on the second mass is simply T and so T = m2 a

Solving the above, we get: 1089_application of newton law3.png

10. There is a usual principle by using which you may solve the equilibrium problems. For equilibrium, the sum of the forces in every direction should vanish. So Fx  = Fy  = Fz  = 0. You may always decide the x, y, z directions according to your convenience. So, for instance, as in the lecture problem dealing with the body sliding down an inclined plane, you can choose the directions to be along and perpendicular to surface of the plane.

Posted Date: 7/26/2012 2:22:53 AM | Location : United States

Related Discussions:- Applications of Newton's Laws - I, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Applications of Newton's Laws - I, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Applications of Newton's Laws - I Discussions

Write discussion on Applications of Newton's Laws - I
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
A boat travels 75 km southeast, then 56 km due east, then 25 km 30.0° north of east. a. Sketch the vector set on a N-E-S-W grid b. Find its net E-W part of displacement and

#how entropy tells which process is spontaneous and which is non spontaneous.i also wana know that although 2nd law of thermodynamic is for heat engine and heat pump how it is rela

Q. How is a galvanometer converted into (a) an ammeter and (b) a voltmeter? A galvanometer is transformed into an ammeter by connecting a low resistance in parallel with it. Th

6.1 moles of  steam at 100 o C are condensed at 100 o C and the resulting water is cooled to 47.1 o C. Calculate the entropy change for this process. (The molar heat capac

Question Put the different types of light in order from lowest frequency to highest frequency. Feedback: These are all instances of electromagnetic radiation. Elect

Stefan-Boltzmann constant; sigma (Stefan, L. Boltzmann) The constant of proportionality exist in the Stefan-Boltzmann law. It is equivalent to 5.6697 x 10 -8 W/m 2 /K 4 .

Cherenkov [Cerenkov] radiation (P.A. Cherenkov) Radiation emitted through a massive particle that is moving faster than light in the medium by which it is travelling. None of

It is defined as the dielectric loss expressed as the tangent of the angle between the reactance and the impedance vectors of the capacitor, it is denoted by D. FACTORS AFFECTIN

For the square voltage waveform displayed on an oscilloscope shown in Figure, find  (a) its frequency,  (b) its peak-to-peak voltage.

Q. Distinguish between electric power and electric energy. Electric power i) Electric power is described as the rate of doing electric work. ii) Electric power is the cre