What is Anthropology?
The term Anthropology is the "science of humanity." Anthropology has origins in the humanities, the natural and social sciences.
As the work of Franz Boas and Bronislaw Malinowski in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, anthropology has been differentiated from other social sciences by its emphasis on in-depth examination of context, cross-cultural comparisons, and the significance it places on participant-observation, or long-term, experiential immersion in the area of research. Particularly Cultural anthropology has emphasized cultural relativity, holism and the make use of findings to frame cultural critiques. This has been specifically prominent in the US (United States), from arguments of Boas against 19th-century racial ideology, by Margaret Mead''s advocacy for gender equality and sexual liberation, to present criticisms of post-colonial oppression and promotion of multiculturalism. Ethnography is one of its primary methods also the text which is generated from anthropological fieldwork
In the United States (US), the discipline is traditionally categorized into four sub-fields: biological anthropology, archaeology, and linguistic anthropology, cultural anthropology. In Europe, the discipline originated like ethnology and was originally illustrated as the study of social organization in non-state societies. After that it was renamed as social anthropology. It is now usually referred to as socio-cultural anthropology in a large area of Europe, the commonwealth, and in the parts of the world that were affected by the European tradition.