Acute and chronic tonsilitis, Biology

Acute and Chronic Tonsilitis:

Tonsilitis refers  to the inflammation of  tonsils and lymphatic tissue that are located on each side of oropharynx. Acute infection of  tonsils usually occurs as a complication of pharyngitis and is usually caused by bacteria mainly; streptococcus, staphlococcus,  ' H. Influenzae and pneumococcus. It may also be caused by virus. Chronic tonsilitis results from recurrent infection. 

Pathophysiology 

As a result of  inflammation the tonsils. palatine or fauces enlarge, with the result they obstruct the airway and food passages. If  adenoids are also involved, they may block posterior nares resulting in mouth breathing. The eustachian tubes may also get blocked which may lead to otitis media. 

Medical Management 

If  throat culture shows B haemolytic streptococici then antibiotic are given for 8-10 days and child is followed up. 

Surgical Management 

Surgical management includes removal of  the tonsils which is a controversial issue 

Assessment 

You will find that the child with tonsilitis presents with mild to severe sore throat, fever, muscle aches, chills, dysphagia, pain in the ears, headache, anorexia and malaise. Inspection of  the tonsils reveal swelling and redness with pus. There may be yellow or white exudate over the tonsils. The uvula may be edematous and inflammed. The cervical lymphnodes are usually tender.  This includes evaluation of child for history of evidence of  allergic symptoms, recurrent respiratory infections and for symptoms of upper air way obstruction affecting respiration. You also need to assess the child by examining/inspecting mucosal lining of nares, appearance of  tonsils which are inflammed and enlarged, nature of  respiration and serous otitis media. 

Diagnostic evaluation includes, complete blood count which reveals elevated white blood cell count, throat culture and sensitivity and chest X-ray if respiratory  

Posted Date: 10/26/2012 7:58:44 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Acute and chronic tonsilitis, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Acute and chronic tonsilitis, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Acute and chronic tonsilitis Discussions

Write discussion on Acute and chronic tonsilitis
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Q What is signifying by binomial nomenclature and what are its basic rules? Scientific nomenclature of a species must have at least two names one that classifies it as genus an

Define Phosphorous distribution in plasma? In plasma, phosphorus is distributed in different forms. Figure: Phosphorous distribution in plasma Inorg

Define classification of carbohydrates - Oligosaccharides? Oligosaccharides are short chains of saccharide units and are condensation products of three to ten monosaccharides.

What resources are competed for by (a) animals, (b) plants?  (a) Animals compete for food, mates and shelter.  (b) Plants compete for light, water and minerals.

Q. What is Counsellor? Counsellor is someone who gives advice about the problem. A counselor's role is to help patients help themselves. In our context  a counsellor is  a comm

Diagnosis Clinical signs: In most of the cases in initial stages like bacterial infections there is leucocytosis with neutrophilia, which at later stages of the disease may c


Sulphur Cycle - Nutrient Cycles The sulphur cycle is mostly sedimentary except for a short gaseous phase. The large reservoir of sulphur is in the soil and sediment where it i

What are the personal protective equipments for infection control? Personal protective equipments for infection control are: Protective clothing Masks Protective eyewe

REMOVAL OF TESTIS - It is male hypogonadism. (1 ) BEFORE PUBERTY - Cestration before puberty results in permanent sterility. This condition is eunuchoidism & shows the