Dietz&Dow Industries (DDI) makes an unexpected takeover bid for Hein & Hillgen Instruments (HHI). DDI offers to pay $50 per share of HHI, which represents a 25% premium over the prior day's closing price of HHI of $40. Upon announcement of the bid, the share price of HHI rises to about $50, while the share price of BBI increases from $25 to $27. Currently, DDI has 400 million shares outstanding, whereas HHI has 100 million shares outstanding.
(a) Does the market believe that the acquisition would be a positive NPV project for the shareholders of DDI? Explain your reasoning.
(b) Estimate the total synergies that the market believes are created by this merger. Which company captures most of the synergies? Show your calculations.
(c) A week after the takeover offer from DDI, rumors hit the market that a third company might enter the bidding contest. In response HHI's share price increases to $55, and DDI's CFO is considering modifying its bid for HHI. What is the maximum price per share that DDI can prudently bid? Explain fully.
(d) When a day later a third party, Laor & Levick International, indeed enters the bidding contest and offers $60 per share for HHI, shares of DDI drop to $24 upon the announcement. Give two explanations as to why DDI's share price might drop.