Reference no: EM131453634
1 Boolean Algebra and Logisim Task
The following truth table describes a Boolean function with four input values X1, X2, X3, X4 and two output values Z1, Z2.
Input

Output

X1

X2

X3

X4

Z1

Z2

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

1

1

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

1

0

0

1

1

0

1

0

0

1

1

1

1

0

1

0

0

0

0

1

1

0

0

1

1

0

1

0

1

0

1

1

1

0

1

1

1

1

1

1

0

0

1

1

1

1

0

1

0

1

1

1

1

0

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

0

The main result of this task will be a logical circuit correctly implementing this Boolean function in the logisim simulator. Each step as defined in the following subtasks needs to be documented and explained.
Step 1: Boolean Algebra Expressions
Write the Boolean function as Boolean algebra terms. First, think about how to deal with the two outputs. Then, describe each single row in terms of Boolean algebra. Finally, combine the terms for single rows into larger terms. Briefly explain these steps for your particular truth table.
Step 2: Logical circuit in Logisim
Model the resulting Boolean terms from Step 1 in a single Logisim circuit, using the basic gates AND, OR, NOT. You can use gates with more than two inputs.
Explain what you did for each step.
Test your circuit using values from the truth table and document the tests.
Step 3: Optimized circuit
The goal of this task is to find a minimal circuit using only AND, OR, and NOT gates. Based on the truth table and Boolean algebra terms from Step 1, optimize the function using Karnaugh maps.
You will need to create two Karnaugh maps, one for each output. Your documentation should show the maps as well as the groups found in the maps and how they relate to terms in the optimized Boolean function.
Then use Logisim to create a minimal circuit. Dont use any other gates than AND, OR, and NOT. Test your optimized circuit using values from the truth table.
A MARIE calculator
In this task you will develop a MARIE calculator application. We will break it down into small steps for you.
Most of the tasks require you to write code, test cases and some small analysis. The code must contain comments, and you submit it as .mas and .mex files together with the rest of your assignment. The test cases should also be working, selfcontained MARIE assembly files. The analysis needs to be submitted as part of the main PDF file you submit for this assignment.
Note that all tasks below only need to work for positive numbers. If you want a challenge, you can try and make your calculator work for negative numbers, but it's not required to get full marks.
Inclass interviews: You will be required to demonstrate your code to your tutor after the submission deadline. Failure to demonstrate will lead to zero marks being awarded to the entire programming part of this assignment.
MARIE integer multiplication and division
Multiplication
Implement a subroutine for multiplication, call it Multiply (based on the multiplication code you wrote in the labs  you can use the sample solution as a guideline). Test your subroutine by writing a test program that calls the subroutine with different arguments, and then step through the program in the MARIE simulator.
You need to submit a MARIE file (.mas and .mex) that contains the subroutine and a test case, (call it "2.1.1 Multiply")
Power
The power operation is defined as repeated multiplication of the same factor. For exam ple, 9 power 2 is 9 × 9 = 81, and 3 power 5 is 3 × 3 × 3 × 3 × 3 = 243. More generally, we have X power Y, where X is called the base, and Y is called the exponent. Exponent corresponds to the number of times the base is used as a factor. The basic idea of com puting the power is to repeatedly call the Multiply subroutine, which was implemented in the previous task. Your task is to implement a subroutine for power (call it Power). Test your subroutine by writing a test program that calls the subroutine with different arguments, and then step through the programs in the MARIE simulator.
You need to submit a MARIE file (.mas and .mex) that contains the subroutine and a test case, (call it "2.1.2 Power")
A stack in MARIE assembly
1. Write a sequence of instructions that pushes your full name in a reverse order onto the stack and then pops it again, printing each character using the Output instruction (your full name should be printed in the right order). Step through your code to make sure that the StackPointer is incremented and decremented correctly, and that the values end up in the right memory locations. The name should be hardcoded (without input instruction).
2. Write a program that implements Push and Pop subroutines. Test the subroutines by pushing and popping a few values using the input instruction, stepping through the code to make sure the stack works as expected. The program should accept any number of characters to be pushed, it will be poped only when you hit the backslash key.
A simple RPN calculator
We will now implement a simple RPN calculator that can only perform a single operation: addition.
We will use the Input instruction to let the user input a sequence of numbers and operators. To simplify the implementation, we will switch MARIE's input field to Dec mode, meaning that we can directly type in decimal numbers. But how can we input operators?
We will simply only allow positive numbers as input values, and use negative num bers as operators. For this first version, we will use 1 to mean addition.
So to compute 10 + (20 + 30) we would have to enter 10 20 30  1  1. Of course we could also enter 10 20  1 30  1 (which would correspond to (10 + 20) + 30). The pseudo code for this simple calculator could look like this:
Loop forever:
AC = Input // read user input
if AC >= 0: // normal number? push AC
else if AC == 1: // code for addition?
X = Pop Y = Pop
Result = X+Y
Output Result // output intermediate result AND
Push Result // push onto stack for further calculations
Note that your calculator doesn't need to do any error checking, e.g. if you only enter a single number and then use the addition operator, or if you enter any negative number other than 1.
Implement this calculator in MARIE assembly. Use the Push and Pop subroutines from the previous task to implement the stack. It is a requirement that your calculator can handle any valid RPN expression, no matter how many operands and operators, and no matter in what order (up to the size of the available memory). I.e., the following expressions should all work and deliver the same result:
10 20 30 40 50 1 1 1 1
10 20 1 30 40 1 50 1 1
10 20 30 1 1 40 1 50 1
10 20 1 30 1 40 1 50 1
Document a set of test cases and the outputs they produce.
More RPN operations
Of course the previous calculator is quite useless  if there is only one operation, we don't need to use RPN at all. Therefore, the next step is to extend your calculator with support for additional operations:
Addition (code 1)
Multiplication (code 2)
Power (code 3)
Square, i.e., compute x2 for a value x (code 4) The extended pseudo code would look like this:
Loop forever:
AC = Input // read user input
if AC >= 0: // normal number? push AC
else if AC == 1: // code for addition?
X = Pop Y = Pop
Result = X+Y Output Result Push Result
else if AC == 2: // code for multiplication?
X = Pop Y = Pop
Result = X*Y Output Result Push Result
else if ... // remaining cases follow the same structure
Note that by convention, XY + means X+Y in RPN, and similarly XY × means X×Y .
As above, test your calculator using different test cases, which you should document in your written submission.
You can submit just one file for the entire extended version.