Assignment Help >> Applied Statistics
Purpose of the assessment (with ULO Mapping)
Students are required to show the understanding of the principles and techniques of business research and statistical analysis taught in the course.
Assignment Specifications
Purpose:
This assignment aims at Understand various qualitative and quantitative research methodologies and techniques, and other general purposes are:
1. Explain how statistical techniques can solve business problems
2. Identify and evaluate valid statistical techniques in a given scenario to solve business problems
3. Explain and justify the results of a statistical analysis in the context of critical reasoning for a business problem solving
4. Apply statistical knowledge to summarize data graphically and statistically, either manually or via a computer package
5. Justify and interpret statistical/analytical scenarios that best fits business solution
Question 1
The planet may be threatened by climate change due to unsustainable activities, possibly caused by burning fossil fuels (petroleum, natural gas and coal) that produce carbon dioxide (CO_{2}). The table stored in file CO_{2} EMISSIONS.XLSX (in the course website) lists the top 15 producers of CO_{2} (millions of metric tonnes) from fossil fuels in 2009 and 2013. Using this data, answer the questions below.
(a) Use an appropriate graphical technique to compare the amount of CO_{2} emissions (in millions of metric tonnes) in 2009 and 2013, broken down by the producer countries.
(b) Use an appropriate graphical technique to compare the percentage value of the amount of CO_{2} emissions (in %) in 2009 and 2013, broken down by the producer countries.
(c) Comment your observations in parts (a) and (b).
Question 2.
The amount of time (in seconds) needed for assemblyline workers to complete a weld at a car assembly plant in Adelaide was recorded for 40 workers.
59

60

81

74

68

66

49

76

63

67

69

35

65

61

43

72

83

65

69

70

54

61

38

92

72

74

55

63

69

73

75

47

60

62

68

51

71

73

68

99

a. Construct a frequency distribution and a relative frequency distribution for the data.
b. Construct a cumulative frequency distribution and a cumulative relative frequency distribution for the data.
c. Plot a relative frequency histogram for the data.
d. Construct an ogive for the data.
e. What proportion of the data is less than 65?
f. What proportion of the data is more than 75? Use following class intervals to answer the above questions
Classes

Frequency

Relative Frequency

Cumulative Frequency

Cumulative
Relative Frequency

35  45





45  55





55  65





65  75





75  85





85  95





95  105





Question 3.
Because inflation reduces the purchasing power of the dollar, investors seek investments that will provide protection against inflation; that is, investments that will provide higher returns when inflation is higher. It is frequently stated that ordinary shares provide just such a hedge against inflation. The annual Australian inflation rate (as measured by percentage changes in the consumer price index) and the annual AllOrdinaries Index from 1995 to 2015 are stored in file INFLATION.XLSX (in the course website).
Using EXCEL, answer below questions:
a. Using an appropriate graphical descriptive measure (relevant for time series data) describe the two variables.
b. Use an appropriate plot to investigate the relationship between RATE OF INFLATION and ALL ORDINARIES INDEX. Briefly explain the selection of each variable on the X and Y axes and why?
c. Prepare a numerical summary report about the data on the two variables by including the summary measures, mean, median, range, variance, standard deviation, and coefficient of variation, smallest and largest values, and the three quartiles, for each variable.
d. Calculate the coefficient of correlation (r) between RATE OF INFLATION and ALLORDINARIES INDEX. Then, interpret it.
e. Estimate a simple linear regression model and present the estimated linear equation. Then, interpret the coefficient estimates of the linear model.
f. Determine the coefficient of determination R2 and interpret it.
g. Test the significance of the relationship at the 5% significance level.
h. What is the value of the standard error of the estimate (se). Then, comment on the fitness of the linear regression model?
Attachment: INFLATION.zip