Compute the break-even point in sales

Assignment Help Managerial Accounting
Reference no: EM1377817

QUESTION 1: Green Forest Berhad operates two divisions, the Bedroom Division and the Consumer Division. The Bedroom Division manufactures and sells bedroom fixture and fittings. The Consumer Division operates retail lumber mills which sell a variety of products in the do-it-yourself homeowner market. The company is considering disposing of the Consumer Division since it has been consistently unprofitable for a number of years.  The income statements for the two divisions for the year ended December 31, 2010 are presented below:

 

                                                                          Bedroom Division        Consumer Division              Total        

Sales                                                                            $1,500,000                    $500,000                     $2,000,000

Cost of goods sold                                                        900,000                       350,000                       1,250,000

Gross profit                                                                    600,000                       150,000                           750,000

Selling & administrative expenses                                   250,000                       180,000                           430,000

Net income                                                                mce_markernbsp;  350,000                   $(30,000)                     mce_markernbsp;  320,000

 

In the Consumer Division, 70% of the cost of goods sold are variable costs and 30% of selling and administrative expenses are variable costs.  The management of the company feels it can save $60,000 of fixed cost of goods sold and $50,000 of fixed selling expenses if it discontinues operation of the Consumer Division.

Instructions:

a)         Determine whether the company should discontinue operating the Consumer Division.

b)        If the company had discontinued the division for 2010, determine what net income would have been.

c)         Identify the advantages to Green Forest Berhad if it decided to continue operating Consumer Division. 

QUESTION 2:  

Play For Fun Berhad has decided to introduce a new product. The product can be manufactured using either a machine-intensive or labor-intensive method. The manufacturing method will not affect the quality or sales of the product. The estimated manufacturing costs of the two methods are as follows:

 

 

 

Machine

Labor

 

 

-intensive

-intensive

 

Variable manufacturing cost per unit............

$14.00

$17.60

 

Fixed manufacturing cost per year.................

$2,440,000

$1,320,000

 

The company's market research department has recommended an introductory selling price of $30 per unit for the new product. The annual fixed selling and administrative expenses of the new product are $500,000. The variable selling and administrative expenses are $2 per unit regardless of how the new product is manufactured.

Required:

a)        Calculate the break-even point in units if Play For Fun  Berhad uses the:

i.    machine-intensive manufacturing method.

ii.    labor-intensive manufacturing method.

b)        Determine the unit sales volume at which the net operating income is the same for the two manufacturing methods.

c)        Assuming sales of 250,000 units, what is the degree of operating leverage if the company uses the:

i.   machine-intensive manufacturing method.

ii.  labor-intensive manufacturing method.

d)        What is your recommendation to management concerning which manufacturing method should be used?

 

QUESTION 3

Baby Food Industries manufactures and sells a highly successful line of baby food in Asia. It plans to expand the business to Europe and the company is considering to produce biscuits, cereal, and fruit juice to prevent dry and chapped skin. Budgeted sales by product for the coming month are shown below:

Product

Biscuit

Cereal

Fruit juice

Total

Percentage of Sales

20

52

28

100

Sales ('000)

$150,000

$390,000

$210,000

$750,000

Variable Expenses ('000)

108,000

78,000

84,000

270,000

Contribution Margin ('000)

42,000

312,000

126,000

480,000

Fixed Expenses ('000)

 

 

 

449,280

Net Income ('000)

 

 

 

$30,720

As shown by these data, net operating income is budgeted at $30,720,000. Assume that actual total sales for the month is $750,000,000 as planned. Actual sales by product are: Biscuit, $300,000,000; Cereal, $180,000,000; and Fruit juice, $270,000,000.

Required:

a)         Prepare a contribution income statement for the month based on the actual sales. Present the income statement as the format shown above.

b)        Compute the break-even point in sales dollars for the month based on your actual data.

c)         Considering the fact that the company met its $750,000 sales budget for the month, the president is shocked at the result shown on your income statement in (i) above. Prepare a brief memo for the president explaining why both the operating results and the break even point in sales dollars are different from what was budgeted.

Reference no: EM1377817

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