1. How does an increase in the currency-deposit ratio affect the money multiplier? What is the effect of an increase in the reserve-deposit ratio? Explain the direction of changes in both cases in terms of bank balance sheets and the ability of banks to respond to these changes.
2. “In order to keep national income stable, the Fed has to purchase government securities whenever interest rates rise.” Comment on this statement with the help of an IS-LM diagram. Consider two separate cases of interest rate increases and compare Fed policies in each.