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In 2014, Gross, O'Brien, Hu, and Kennedy published a study in the premier peer-reviewed academic journal in the United States. Using a broad database that utilized U.S. death row records between 1973 and 2004, the study revealed some disturbing conclusions. Between 1973 and 2004, 7,482 defendants were sentenced to death. As the homicide rate in the U.S. has been incredibly high, this number would not be of any surprise to the criminal justice system managers. However, the study also found that as of December 31, 2004, 117 people had been exonerated. In effect, approximately 1.6 percent of those arrested, prosecuted, convicted, and sentenced happened to be innocent. If the conclusions of the study are sound, serious questions are raised about the entire criminal justice system: wrongful arrests were made, prosecution and the trial were deficient, and the appeal process was of not much help.
Review the study and answer the following:
- What are the salient points raised by the study?
- Do you agree or disagree with the findings and conclusions? Why? Provide tangible arguments based on research.
- Which parts of the study caused you the gravest concern about the criminal justice system?
- If you were formulating policy as a District or City Attorney for your jurisdiction, what critical policies would you like to be implemented to prevent wrongful convictions?
Attachment:- Individual Project.rar