The elements of the tort of negligence include

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1. The complaint and answer documents are two examples of

A. pleadings.

B. hearsay.

C. depositions and interrogatories.

D. discovery.

2. Bonnie steals some very expensive cooking equipment from a restaurant supply store. Bonnie has committed the intentional tort of

A. slander of title.

B. conversion.

C. petty theft.

D. grand theft.

3. The elements of the tort of negligence include

A. defendant's breach of defendant's duty

B. plaintiff's injury or damages

C. a causal connection between defendant's breach of duty and plaintiff's injury or damages

D. defendant's breach of defendant's duty, plaintiff's injury or damages, and a causal connection between defendant's breach of defendant's duty and plaintiff's injury or damages

4. Nancy owns a pet store in Seattle, and one of her dogs escapes and runs out onto the sidewalk in front of her store. If a passerby is bitten by Nancy’s dog, despite the passerby's attempts to avoid and then run away from the dog, under the theory of strict liability, as applied in Washington, Nancy must pay for the injury

A. only if Nancy intended to injure the passerby.

B. only if Nancy knew that the dog had dangerous tendencies, and did not keep the dog restrained.

C. regardless of whether Nancy was at fault in failing to restrain the dog.

D. even if the passerby provoked the dog.

5. The citation of a case includes

A. the names of the parties.

B. the names of the attorneys who represented the parties.

C. the abbreviation for the reporter where the case can be found.

D. two of the listed items.

6. A corporation likely has ethical duties to

A. its owners

B. its employees

C. the general public (society)

D. its owners, its employees, and the general public

7. Intentional torts include

A. Defamation

B. Negligence

C. Trespass to land

D. Defamation and trespass to land

8. Assume that the case of Jones v. Smith has just been decided by the Washington Supreme Court. Of the nine justices, seven agreed that Jones should win; two justices thought that Smith should win. Justice Stephens, one of the two judges who thought that Smith should win, wrote a separate opinion, in which she indicated why she did not agree that Jones should win. Justice Stephens’ opinion would be a

A. dissenting opinion.

B. concurring opinion.

C. unanimous opinion.

D. minority opinion.

9. Primary sources of law do not include

A. statutory law

B. violations of law under the Restatement.

C. administrative agency regulations.

D. case law

10. According to the United States Supreme Court’s recent decision in the McCutcheon case, who now have more free “political speech” rights?

A. individuals

B. corporations

C. judges, in their official capacity as judges

D. none of the above

11. The Fourteenth Amendment includes a series of protections for the individual against invasions of civil rights by

A. state government.

B. business entities.

C. private individuals.

D. the federal government.

12. If Jim and Sue are drivers whose cars collide with each other at Hwy 99 and 196th Street in Lynnwood, WA (Snohomish County), and Jim is a resident of Seattle, WA (King County), while Sue is a resident of Everett, WA (Snohomish County), then in a subsequent lawsuit by Jim against Sue, venue would be proper in

A. Seattle

B. Lynnwood

C. Snohomish County

D. King County

13. When a person’s life, liberty, or property is taken away by the government without giving the person notice of the taking, and the opportunity to have a hearing, there has likely been a violation of the person’s rights to

A. procedural due process.

B. substantive due process.

C. equal protection.

D. the interstate commerce clause.

14. A federal district court has the power to decide a contract dispute lawsuit if

A. the amount in dispute exceeds $75,000.

B. the plaintiff and defendant are citizens of different states.

C. the plaintiff and defendant are citizens of different states, and the amount in dispute exceeds $75,000.

D. the plaintiff and defendant are citizens of different states, and the amount in dispute exceeds $50,000.

15. Which of the following is a method of alternative dispute resolution?

A. Mediation

B. Negotiated settlement

C. Arbitration

D. Mediation, Negotiated settlement, and Arbitration

16. Methods by which parties can gather evidence to prove their cases at trial include

A. requests for admission

B. hearsay

C. requests for admission and interrogatories.

D. interrogatories

17. Requests for production of documents can be directed to

A. the judge in the case.

B. witnesses who are not parties to the lawsuit.

C. a plaintiff by a defendant, or a defendant by a plaintiff.

D. none of the listed persons.

18. In the voir dire (jury selection) process, a prospective juror may not be challenged, due to

A. the prospective juror’s bias

B. the prospective juror’s race

C. the prospective juror’s gender

D. the prospective juror's race or gender.

19. The corporate social responsibility approach that would make the corporation's sole responsibility that of maximizing profits, as long as it was done legally, is called

A. the stakeholder approach.

B. the alliance approach.

C. the shareholder approach.

D. the Kantian approach.

20. The acronym that represents the components of legal analysis of case law is


B. Wn.App.

C. S.Ct.


21. In a typical civil case, a plaintiff must prove her case

A. beyond a reasonable doubt.

B. through a preponderance of the evidence.

C. by clear and convincing evidence.

D. by showing that she has complied with all of the procedural court rules.

22. Of the following opinions that could be issued in a case by appellate justices, which would qualify as “precedent?”

A. dissenting opinion.

B. concurring opinion.

C. majority opinion.

D. none of the above.

23. States may regulate individuals' activities under the states' "police powers," which include the power to protect or promote the public's

A. health.

B. safety.

C. welfare.

D. health, safety, and welfare.

24. The full faith and credit clause of the Constitution

A. protects the public acts, records and judgments in each state, by requiring other states to honor or respect them.

B. requires that if the government decides that it wishes to deprive a person of life, liberty or property, it must do so fairly.

C. requires that banks allow all persons equal access to become bank customers.

D. requires that each state have fair credit reporting practice laws.

25. The ethical approach to business that is typically stated as choosing conduct that will provide the greatest good (or benefit) for the greatest number, even if a minority would be harmed, is

A. utilitarianism.

B. principle of rights.

C. Kantian duty-based ethics.

D. virtue ethics.

Reference no: EM13264365

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