Microbiology- principles and explorations

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Reference no: EM13851927

Parasitology

After reading Ch. 11 in Microbiology: Principles and Explorations,complete the following matrices to compare and contrast different parasitic organisms. You may need to use the index to help you locate some of the information needed.

PROTOZOA/MASTIGOPHORANS

Organism

Common Name

Location in Host

Mode of Transmission

Geographic Location

Trypanosoma(Ch. 24)

 

Nervous system

Tsetse fly

 

Giardia

 (Ch. 22)

 

 

Ingestion of fecal matter that contains motile trophozoites

Worldwide

Trichomonas

(Ch. 20)

Vaginal inflammation

 

 

Worldwide

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Select one of the organisms in this section. Describe the disease it causes, then compare similarities or contrast differences in modes of transmission of the selected organism with any other organism in any other section in this document. Focus on structures, conditions, or behaviors that make disease transmission successful:

Trichomonas causes vaginal inflammation and is primarily transmitted but sexual contact. The other 2 organisms are spead through the tsetse fly or ingestion of fecal matter. Trichomoniasis is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. It is a know disease worldwide compared to Trypanosoma which is only found in Arica.

SPOROZOANS

Organism

Common Name

Location in Host

Mode of Transmission

Geographic Location

Plasmodium (Ch. 11 & 23)

 

Red blood cells

 

Tropical areas

Toxoplasma gondii

(Ch. 23)

Toxoplasmosis

 

 

Worldwide

 

 

 

 

 

Select one of the organisms in this section. Describe the disease it causes, then compare similarities or contrast differences in modes of transmission of the selected organism with any other organism in any other section in this document. Focus on structures, conditions, or behaviors that make disease transmission successful:

FUNGI

Organism

Common Name

Location in Host

Mode of Transmission

Geographic Location

Candida albicans

(Ch. 19)

 

 

Can be sexually transmittted

Worldwide

Trichophyton

(Ch. 19)

 

 

Poor hygiene or suppressed immune system

Worldwide

Histoplasma

(Ch. 21)

 

 

Inhalation

Central and eastern United States and major river valleys worldwide

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Select one of the organisms in this section. Describe the disease it causes, then compare similarities or contrast differences in modes of transmission of the selected organism with any other organism in any other section in this document. Focus on structures, conditions, or behaviors that make disease transmission successful:

Trichophyton is also known as ringworm and is a common disease. This disease is especially known in the wrestling world. It is spread by body to body contact and bad hygiene. One is more susceptible to ringworm disease if they have a suppressed immune system. Ringworm can be seen in the skin or nails. It appears as an itchy red ring on the skin.

HELMINTHS/FLUKES

 

Organism

Common Name

Location in Host

Mode of Transmission

Geographic Location

Schistoma japonicum

(Ch. 23)

 

Lungs, liver, and urinary bladder

 

Worldwide

 

 

 

 

 

Describe the disease caused by Schistoma japonicum, then compare similarities or contrast differences in modes of transmission of the organism in this section with any other organism in any other section in this document. Focus on structures, conditions, or behaviors that make disease transmission successful:

Schistoma japonicum is commonly known as blood fluke. It affects the lungs, live, and urinary bladder or a human or animal. This disease can be transmitted when skin comes into contact with contaminated freshwater. Blood fluke is a disease that occurs all around the world.

TAPEWORMS

Organism

Common Name

Location in Host

Mode of Transmission

Geographic location

Taenia saginata(Ch. 22)

Tapeworm disease

 

Uncooked beef

 

 

 

 

Describe the disease caused by Taenia saginata, then compare similarities or contrast differences in modes of transmission of the organism in this section with any other organism in any other section in this document. Focus on structures, conditions, or behaviors that make disease transmission successful:

Taenia saginata is commonly known as tapeworm disease. This disease affects the intestines. It feeds off of the food the human eats. It can be transmitted by eating uncooked or not properly handled beef. The tapeworm disease is worldwide.

ADULT ROUNDWORMS

Organism

Common Name

Location in host

Mode of transmission

Geographic location

Wucheria bancrofti (Ch. 23)

 

 

Mosquitoes

Tropical areas

 

 

 

Describe the disease caused by Wucheria bancrofti, then compare similarities or contrast differences in modes of transmission of the organism in this section with any other organism in any other section in this document. Focus on structures, conditions, or behaviors that make disease transmission successful:

Wucheria bancrofti is also know as lymphatic filariasis and is a round worm. The round worm affects the lymphatic system and can be transmitted by mosquitos. This disease is typically found in tropical areas of the world.

ROUNDWORM LARVAE

Organism

Common Name

Symptoms in host

Mode of transmission

Geographic location

Borrelia burgdoreri (Ch. 23)

Lyme disease

 

Skin lesions and flu-like symptoms, later arthritis and heart damage

 

Ticks

Parts of the United States, Australia, and Europe

Rickettsia rickettsii (Ch. 23)

 

Fever, headache, rash

 

 

Rickettsia prowazekii (Ch. 23)

 

 

Lice

Worldwide

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Select one of the organisms in this section. Describe the disease it causes, then compare similarities orcontrast differences in modes of transmission of the selected organism with any other organism in any other section in this document. Focus on structures, conditions, or behaviors that make disease transmission successful:

Borrelia burgdoreri is commonly known as Lyme disease. This is a common disease in parts of the United States, Australia, and Europe. Some symptoms that occur are skin lesions and flu-like symptoms, which are later followed by arthritis and heart damage. Ticks are the mode of transmission for Lyme disease.

ANTHROPODS/ARACHNIDS

Organism

Common Name

Location in Host

Mode of Transmission

Geographic Location

Trichinella spiralis (Ch. 22)

 

Larvae in striated muscle

 

Worldwide

 

 

 

 

Describe the disease caused by Trichinella spiralis, then compare similarities or contrast differences in modes of transmission of the organism in this section with any other organism in any other section in this document. Focus on structures, conditions, or behaviors that make disease transmission successful:

Trichinella spiralis is commonly known worldwide as the Trichina worm. The trichina worm has larva that is in striated muscle. It can be transmitted by improper food handling or if a person works a dirty job in swine operations. This disease is known worldwide.

Reference no: EM13851927

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