### Lower-of-cost-or-market rules

Assignment Help Accounting Basics
##### Reference no: EM13489966

1. The floor to be used in applying the lower-of-cost-or-market method to inventory is determined as the
a. net realizable value.
b. net realizable value less normal profit margin.
c. replacement cost.
d. selling price less costs of completion and disposal.

2. To produce an inventory valuation which approximates the lower of cost or market using the conventional retail inventory method, the computation of the ratio of cost to retail should
a. include markups but not markdowns.
b. include markups and markdowns.
c. ignore both markups and markdowns.
d. include markdowns but not markups.

3. On January 1, 2012, the merchandise inventory of Glaus, Inc. was \$1,000,000. During 2012 Glaus purchased \$2,000,000 of merchandise and recorded sales of \$2,500,000. The gross profit rate on these sales was 25%. What is the merchandise inventory of Glaus at December 31, 2012?
a. \$500,000.
b. \$625,000.
c. \$1,125,000.
d. \$1,875,000.

4. Barker Pet supply uses the conventional retail method to determine its ending inventory at cost. Assume the beginning inventory at cost (retail) were \$531,200 (\$653,800), purchases during the current year at cost (retail) were \$2,137,200 (\$2,772,200), freight-in on these purchases totaled \$127,800, sales during the current year totaled \$2,604,000, and net markups (markdowns) were \$4,000 (\$192,600). What is the ending inventory value at cost?
a. \$633,400.
b. \$516,222.
c. \$822,000.
d. \$493,334.

5. The 2012 financial statements of Sito Company reported a beginning inventory of \$80,000, an ending inventory of \$120,000, and cost of goods sold of \$800,000 for the year. Sito's inventory turnover ratio for 2012 is
a. 10.0 times.
b. 8.0 times.
c. 6.7 times.
d. 5.7 times.

6. In no case can "market" in the lower-of-cost-or-market rule be more than
a. estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business.
b. estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less reasonably predictable costs of completion and disposal.
c. estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less reasonably predictable costs of completion and disposal and an allowance for an approximately normal profit margin.
d. estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less reasonably predictable costs of completion and disposal, an allowance for an approximately normal profit margin, and an adequate reserve for possible future losses.

7. Which of the following is not a common disclosure for inventories?
a. Inventory composition.
b. Inventory location.
c. Inventory financing arrangements.
d. Inventory costing methods employed.

8. Following is data relative to the 12/31/13 inventory of Jenner:
Original Net Net Realizable Appropriate
Cost Replacement Realizable Value Less Inventory
Item Per Unit Cost Value Normal Profit Value
A \$ .65 \$ .45
B .45 .40
C .70 .75
D .75 .65
E .90 .85

Selling price is \$1.00/unit for all items. Disposal costs amount to 10% of selling price and a "normal" profit is 30% of selling price. There are 1,000 units of each item in the 12/31/13 inventory.
Instructions
(a) Complete the last three columns in the 12/31/13 schedule above based upon the lower-of-cost-or-market rules.
(b) Prepare the entry(ies) necessary at 12/31/13 based on the data above.

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