Reference no: EM13189195
"1. A direct consequence of the election of 1800 was the constitutional amendment stipulating
A) a single electoral college ballot in which the candidate with the most votes became
president and the runner-up became vice president.
B) the date for inaugurating the president.
C) the organization of political parties.
D) separate electoral college ballots for president and vice-president.
E) qualifications of those who could vote for presidential electors.
2. In his first inaugural address, Jefferson stressed his desire to
A) seek revenge on the Federalists for the Alien and Sedition Acts.
B) risk war with Great Britain and France to secure neutral rights.
C) minimize the differences between Federalists and Republicans.
D) increase government spending to provide better services for citizens.
E) negotiate a mutual defense alliance with Great Britain.
3. In Marbury v. Madison, Chief Justice John Marshall cleverly established the power of the Supreme Court to
A) issue writs ordering governmental officials to perform certain duties.
B) invalidate federal laws held to be in conflict with the Constitution.
C) remove congressmen from office who were convicted of felonies.
D) remove governmental officials who refused to perform their duties.
E) award damages to governmental officials deprived of their jobs.
4. In the end, Jefferson justified the purchase of Louisiana by
A) reminding the country of the dangers presented by foreigners in North America.
B) appealing to the "manifest destiny" of the United States to expand westward to the
C) amending the Constitution specifically to allow the addition of new territories .
D) bowing to "the good sense of the country" which seemed to demand the acquisition
despite constitutional difficulties.
E) amending the Constitution specifically to grant citizenship to the residents.
5. Between 1803 and 1806, the main effect upon America of the war between France and England was to
A) stimulate the economy dramatically, especially in reexporting foreign products.
B) deepen domestic political divisions between the Republicans and the Federalists.
C) disrupt and almost destroy American foreign trade.
D) stimulate greatly increased defense spending in preparation for war.
E) dramatically increase Federalist distrust of England.
6. Although Macon's Bill No. 2 temporarily removed all restrictions on trade,
A) non-intercourse would be reapplied to either major power if the other ceased violating
American neutral rights.
B) Americans did not take advantage of the chance to trade with Great Britain.
C) Americans preferred to trade with other neutral nations.
D) the Embargo Act would be reapplied in December 1810 if war in Europe continued.
E) non-intercourse would be reapplied to both England and France if they continued to
interfere with American shipping.
7. In the War of 1812 the most effective American action against British shipping was by
A) United States Navy frigates.
B) navies of the individual states.
C) pirates in the Caribbean.
D) United States Navy submarines.
E) privateering merchantmen.
8. The Transcontinental Treaty of 1819
A) gave the United States claim to the entire Texas area.
B) settled American boundary disputes with Canada.
C) established joint occupation of the Oregon country.
D) transferred Florida to the United States for $5 million and settled the southern boundary
of the Louisiana territory to the Pacific.
E) settled American boundary disputes with Mexico.
9. Western opinion on public land policy in the early 19th century generally favored
A) increasing the price and the minimum size offered for sale.
B) reducing the price, but increasing the minimum size offered for sale.
C) maintaining existing policies on price and size.
D) reducing the price and the minimum size offered for sale.
E) increasing the price, but reducing the minimum size offered for sale.
10. Northern objections to admitting Missouri as a slave state were based on
A) the immorality of slavery.
B) the overrepresentation they thought Missouri would have because of the Three-fifths
C) their commitment to black civil rights.
D) the loss of revenue the federal treasury would suffer when plantations rather than
homesteads were established.
E) their fears that this would lead to resumption of the international slave trade.
11. The Boston Associates built textile mills in which young single New England women worked
under relatively pleasant conditions. This was called the ________ System.
12. According to your text, by far the most important indirect effect of industrialization occurred when the
A) federal government constructed an efficient system of canals.
B) South began to produce cotton to supply the new textile mills of New England and Great Britain.
C) North was forced to locate new sources of liquid capital to fund the growing textile industry.
D) state governments were disrupted by sectional conflicts over tariffs.
E) federal government built a series of national roads.
13. The cotton boom in the early 19th century caused a
A) prohibition on the importation of slaves from abroad.
B) rapid increase in the number of slaves freed by their masters.
C) strict enforcement of laws against the interstate slave trade.
D) demand for more labor which was met by a renewed growth of slavery.
E) steady increase in support for the colonization movement and in the number of former
slaves colonized in Africa.
14. Most early "internal improvements" were built
A) totally by state and local governments.
B) by private businesses, without any financial aid from governments.
C) by private businesses, with substantial aid from governments.
D) totally by the federal government.
E) by state governments, with substantial aid from the federal government.
15. The Supreme Court's decision in Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819) upheld the
A) right of a state to take over a private college.
B) principle of the sanctity of contracts.
C) right of a state to tax federal properties within its boundaries.
D) principle of national supremacy over the states.
E) right of colleges to refuse to admit female students.
16. One of the "fundamental tenets of Jacksonian Democracy" was that
A) educated and virtuous people should be elected to office.
B) the federal government should actively promote both basic and applied scientific
C) long-term stability for government employees improved government services.
D) expert knowledge was the key to a democratic government.
E) ordinary Americans could do anything.
17. Other than Jackson's personal popularity, the main campaign issue in the presidential election of 1832 was
B) Jackson's Indian removal policy.
C) the spoils system.
D) Jackson's handling of foreign affairs.
E) the Bank of the United States.
18. What effect did Jackson's economic policies have on the business cycle?
A) They exaggerated the swings of the economic pendulum through the impact of their
ill-considered policies on public thinking.
B) They successfully stimulated the economy and ended the Panic of 1837.
C) They were successful examples of the workings of the free market place and of the
success of "laissez-faire" economics.
D) The federal government was so weak that they had almost no effect.
E) They minimized the swings of the economic pendulum through the impact of their
far-sighted policies on public thinking.
19. Martin Van Buren's response to the Panic of 1837 was to
A) inflate the currency.
B) reestablish the National Bank.
C) push for federal funding of internal improvements in order to create jobs.
D) reject government interference in the economy.
E) contract the currency.
20. Immediately after Harrison's inauguration
A) Clay emerged as the power behind the throne, directing the naive and weak-willedHarrison.
B) Harrison died, was succeeded by the doctrinaire John Tyler, and the political climate of
the country changed dramatically.
C) Harrison became a surprisingly strong chief executive, modeling himself on Jackson.
D) Harrison died and was succeeded by John Tyler, who was easily manipulated by Webster and Clay.
E) Van Buren and Jackson schemed to undermine him whenever possible.
21. The most effective preacher of the Second Great Awakening was
A) Charles Grandison Finney.
B) William Ellery Channing.
C) Jonathan Edwards.
D) Johann Pestalozzi.
E) George Whitfield.
22. One of the most striking aspects of the various practical reform movements of the early nineteenth century was their
A) total dependence on federal funding.
B) emphasis on faith-healing.
C) unwillingness to try new approaches to old problems.
D) emphasis on creating special facilities for dealing with social problems.
E) hostility toward science.
23. Catholic immigrants from Germany and Ireland often
A) participated in the Second Great Awakening.
B) supported the American Board of Commissioners of Foreign Missions.
C) objected to demands for prohibition of all alcohol.
D) used the "benevolent empire" to aid runaway slaves.
E) became leaders in the temperance movement.
24. Describing the dissemination of culture, the text observes that northern society was permeated
A) widespread indifference to standards of taste and high culture.
B) lower-class attempts to unionize factory workers.
C) upper-class desire to bring European culture to America.
D) the first American sexual revolution.
E) middle-class concern for being cultivated and refined.
25. By the 1850s the common school movement had succeeded in establishing
A) free elementary schools and public institutions for teacher training in every state.
B) laws requiring school attendance to the age of 16 in every state outside the South.
C) free elementary and secondary schools in every state.
D) laws requiring school attendance to the age of 16 in every state.
E) free elementary schools and public institutions for teacher training in every state outside
26. The Supreme Court decision that promoted economic development by rejecting the absolute sanctity of contracts when they conflicted with improvements for the good of the whole community was
A) Dartmouth College v. Woodward.
B) Gibbons v. Ogden.
C) the Charles River Bridge case.
D) McCulloch v. Maryland.
E) Fletcher v. Peck.
27. The Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of the National Bank of the United States and also strengthened the implied powers of Congress and aided economic growth when it decided the case of
A) Gibbons v. Ogden.
B) McCulloch v. Maryland.
C) Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge.
D) Marbury v. Madison.
E) Dartmouth College v. Woodward