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Difference between active and passive euthanasia
Course:- Humanities
Length: 4500 Words
Reference No.:- EM1398052




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1. What is the difference between moral good and moral evil? What is the norm of morality?

2. Recall the five steps in the development of a human action. At what point in this development does one become responsible? Explain why.

3. What is the relationship between voluntariness and responsibility? What is meant by occasion of evil and cooperation in evil, how are they related, and what moral responsibility does one have in regard to them?

4. How can you justify an action with an evil effect by the Principle of Double Effect?

5. What does it mean to form my conscience? How do I go about it?

6. What is the relationship between subjective and objective morality and forming one's Conscience?

7. What do I do in a state of doubt which precedes a decision I must make?

8. What is the relationship between good, pleasure, and happiness? Between virtue and happiness?

9. Why does one need virtues and how does one attain them? Describe the various stages of success and failure in acquiring moral virtues.

10. What does intersubjectivity mean? Why should it be the basis of love? Bow is this concept applied to marriage as a covenant? What is the relationship between love and chastity? Explain why chastity should be d'virtue for everyone, including married couples.

11. What are the elements of the human action performed in the situation? How do they interrelate in regard to the morality of an action?

12. What is the meaning of law, right, and duty, and the common good: What is/should be the relationship among the various kinds and levels of law, rights, and duties? What is the baSis for natural law and moral law?

13. What do I do when rights and duties and laws conflict?

14. Which law Should I obey when the civil law and the moral law conflict? Give the reason(s) for your answer.

15. Know the practical application of the foregoing principles to the content of Chapters 19, 20, 21, 23, and 24 as itemized on the Course Review Sheets ana as presented and discussed in class or assigned.

16. What is the meaning and origin of the right to life and what does the right include? What kind of right is it? Who has it? Does one have duties towards others' right to life? How far reaching is this right? How far reaching are my duties in regard to it. What is meant by extraordinary means and in what situations is this concept\releirant? .

17. What would be the moral assessment of your action if you deliberately do a morally right deed for wrong reason, or a morally wrong deed for the the right reason?

18. Why is abortion understood to be morally wrong?

19. What is the difference between active and passive euthanasia? What role does the principle of extraordinary means play in sustaining human life? Can withholding or withdrawing extraordinary means ever be morally justified? What about withholding or withdrawing ordinary means? Is this justified? What is meant by assisted suicide? Is it morally justified? Explain.

20. What guidelines must be used in a morally right self-defense?

21. Is it ever morally acceptable to risk one's life? Explain.

22. Explain what is meant by lying, deception, communication, and secrets? Is it morally right to lie? Is it morally permissible for doctors to lie to their patients? Must all secrets be kept? Explain.

23. Why is it necessary to understand marriage as both a contract and a covenant? Explain the difference between the two.

24. Name and briefly explain what is meant by the seven values that should be realized, or at least not violated, to make a sexual act morally good? On what levels should one evaluate sexual conduct?

25. Give one reason why artificial birth control is understood to be morally wrong.

26. What is the basis for understanding an act as morally right or morally wrong in itself, before anyone decides to do it? In other words, what makes an act morally right or wrong-in-itself?

a. its relation to human nature?     c. the actor's intention?

b. the consequences of the act?     d. the circumstances of the act. Explain your choice.

Answered:-

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The difference between moral good and moral evil lie upon the ideologies of society. The code of conduct of society determines which actions of people are considered moral good and which are moral evils. The super ego of society shape the thinking process of individual but as man is a social animal he adopts actions which help a society to grow and prosper so in his list all the good deeds such as honesty, respect etc take place and murder, rape and other actions are considered moral evils.

The five stages of human actions development are selecting a goal in that a person first identify a goal to accomplish, translating the goal into an unordered way means finding many alternatives and judging them to explore right path, sequencing the actions to achieve target means organizing the work in a structured way, executing the action, perceiving the actual result against of the target to find out to what extent the person has achieved the goal .

Responsibility means involving oneself to influence the task result in a desired way and voluntariness is the state of performing that task. Responsibility is actually a motivational force that prompts a person to influence the result in a desired way and person feels responsible for the failure or success of any goal. Voluntariness shows the person intention to work for something and this shows the inclination towards something to achieve.





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