Describe absolute and comparative advantage

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Reference no: EM1375298

Suppose that with a given unit of labour, India can manufacture 40 basketball hoops or 60 basketballs and Nepal can manufacture 10 basketball hoops or 30 basketballs. This scenario is illustrated below.

output
hoops (H) balls (B)
India 40 60
Nepal 10 30

a.) Describe absolute and comparative advantage for India and Nepal.

b.) If each country has 1000 person-days of labour, construct each country's production-possibility curves.

c.) If Nepal wants to consume equal amounts of both goods (as many units of hoops as balls), how much of each good will be produced and consumed if there is no trade between the two countries?

d.) Assume that the equilibrium terms of trade are 1H=2B. If Nepal still wants to consume equal amounts of both hoops and balls, show its points of production, consumption, and the amounts of exports and imports.

e.) Show the gains from trade for Nepal.

 

Reference no: EM1375298

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