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Demonstrate the ability to perform financial calculations
Course:- Financial Management
Reference No.:- EM132138175

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Assignment Help >> Financial Management

OBJECTIVE
Demonstrate the ability to perform financial calculations and analysis related to the concepts covered in this course.

PURPOSE
The purpose of this project is to give you practical experi- ence with financial computations and decision making in the Financial Management field. In this project, you'll calculate and analyze company balance sheets in the role of a financial manager. Your assignment is to analyze the financial position of the companies mentioned and make recommendations as to the most productive use of their assets and the ideal finan- cial structures for their balance sheets. Show all calculations or calculator inputs for credit. Do all work using equations and a calculator. Do not submit or use an Excel spreadsheet to calculate.

Part 1: Financial Statements and Ratios

1A. You're the chief financial officer (CFO) of Worldwide Widget Manufacturing, Inc. The company manufactures and sells widgets at factories in the United States and internationally. Listed below are partial financial statements for Worldwide Widget Manufacturing, Inc. Fill in the missing information in each of the following financial statements. Answer spaces are given below.

a. Accounts receivable for 2015
b. Accounts payable for 2014
c. Gross plant and equipment for 2015
d. Long-term debt for 2014
e. Common stock and paid-in surplus (250 million shares) for 2014__

f. Total FA for 2015
g. Netsalesfor 2015
h. Less: Cost of goods sold for 2014_
i. Less: Interest for 2015
j. Less: Taxes for 2015
k. Earnings per share (EPS) for 2015_
1. Dividends per share (DPS) for 2014_
m. Book value per share (BVPS) for 2015

n. Net income
o. Increase in accrued wages and taxes
p. Increase in inventory
q. Net cash flow from operating activities
r. Increase in other long-term assets
s. Net cash flow from investing activities
t. Increase in notes payable
u. Pay dividends
v. Net cash flow from financing activities

w. Plus: Net income for 2015
x. Preferred stock

1B. For each of the items listed below, indicate on which of the major statements they would be found (1, 2, 3 or 4) and the amount shown on the statements above:
1. Balance sheet                       3. Statement of cash flows
2. Income statement                 4. Statement of retained earnings

1. Earnings before taxes for 2015 ;

2. Gross plant and equipment for 2015 ;\$

3. Increase in fixed assets, December 31,2015 S\$

4. Net sales for 2015 :

5. Balance of retained earnings, December 31, 2015_ os

6. Common stock and paid-in surplus for 2014_ SS

7. Net cash flow from investing activities, December 31, 2015_- 3 S\$

8. Increase in inventory, December 31, 2015 :\$

9. Accrued wages and taxes for 2014 ;\$

10. Book value per share (BVPS) for 2015 _ \$

2. You'll need to compare your company's ratios with the industry's standards.

A. Use the information found in Worldwide Widget Manufacturing's financial state- ments to calculate all of the listed financial ratios in the above table for your company. Then, for each ratio, provide a comparison of the company's result with the industry standards, indicating if your company's results are lower than, higher than, slower than, or faster than the industry standards.

B. Calculate your company's internal and sustainable growth rates.

Part 2: The Value of Money, Bonds and Stocks

3. The company you work for is looking to expand. As the CFO, you're tasked with comparing the cost of buying manufacturing equipment now, at a \$250,000 dis- count from its original price of \$1,650,000 and storing it for a year, or waiting one year to buy it. The cost of buying the equipment includes the supplier's bill and the cost to store the item, for a total of \$1,464,000. What interest rate is implied by a \$1,464,000 cash flow today, versus \$1,650,000 in a year? When it comes to obtaining the cash for the purchase of the equipment, what is your rec- ommendation on whether the company should purchase the equipment now or wait a year?

4. Worldwide Widget Manufacturing, Inc., decided to go ahead with its plan to expand. It issued \$30 million in debt due in 30 years to finance the expansion at an 8 percent coupon rate. The company makes interest-only, semiannual pay- ments of \$1,200,000 on this debt. Debt issued today would cost only 7 percent interest. You have been asked to determine whether the company should issue new debt (for 25 years) to pay off the old debt. If the company does so, it will have to pay \$1.7 million as a "call premium" to the existing debt holders, and also \$1.4 million to its investment bankers to float the issue. If the new debt was issued, what would be the semiannual interest payment savings or cost? What is the cost to refinance the debt? What would be the present value of the semiannual savings in interest payments over the life of the debt? Should you advise the company to replace the old debt with new debt? Why?

5. Worldwide Widget Manufacturing, Inc., is doing so well it decides it's time to become an international company. As the chief financial officer (CFO), you're tasked with raising \$340 million of new capital to open offices around the world. In researching the matter, you learn that if bonds due in 20 years are used for raising the capital, they'll be rated AA and will need to offer a yield of 6.5 percent. How many bonds will it be necessary to issue to raise the needed capital? What will Worldwide Widget Manufacturing have to make as a semiannual interest rate payment?

Part 3: Stock Returns

6. Worldwide Widget Manufacturing, Inc., has decided to invest in some stock. As CFO, you've been asked to review the portfolio. First, youll need to measure the past performance of the investments. Then, measure the past return's risk of the investment. Lastly, calculate the average return and risk of the portfolio.

The following table shows the annual returns for Company A and Company B, which are part of the investment portfolio you're interested in.

Graded Project Ey What's the average return and standard deviation of returns for these two companies? What's the average return and standard deviation of returns for the portfolio? What's the average return of a portfolio consisting of 60 percent of Company A and 40 percent of Company B?

7. After coming to a final decision, Worldwide Widget Manufacturing, Inc., has a stock portfolio that consists of the following positions, with betas shown for each stock. You've been asked to calculate and evaluate the risk of the portfolio beta and the required return for your portfolio. The market return is expected to be 11 percent, and the risk-free rate is 6 percent.

What's the beta of the portfolio? Is this a high- or low-risk portfolio? What's the required return of the portfolio? Fill in the position, weight, and portfolio beta columns for each company in the table above. Show calculation.

A. Merck & Co., Inc.
1. Position:
2. Weight:
3. W * Beta:
B. Domino's Pizza
1. Position:
2. Weight:
3. W * Beta:
Total Position:
Total W x Beta:
Expected Return:
The risk of the portfolio:
C. Macy's, Inc. 1. Position: 2. Weight: 3. W * Beta: D. Tesla 1. Position: 2. Weight:
3. W * Beta:

Part 4: Capital Budgeting

8. Worldwide Widget Manufacturing, Inc., is preparing to launch a new manufacturing facility in a new location. The company has a capital structure that consists of debt and common and preferred stock. The company is considering changing this capital structure in conjunction with the launch of the new manufacturing facility. The manufacturing facility project is slated to be funded with 30 per- cent debt, 30 percent preferred stock, and 40 percent common stock. Worldwide Widget Manufacturing has 15 million shares of common stock outstanding. The shares sell at \$24.63 per share. The company expects to pay an annual dividend of \$1.50 one year from now, after which future dividends are expected to grow at a constant 7 percent rate. Worldwide Widget Manufacturing's debt consists of 30-year, 9-percent annual coupon bonds with a face value of \$180 million and a market value of \$185 million. The company's capital mix also includes 200,000 shares of 12-percent preferred stock trading at par. If Worldwide Widget Manufacturing has a marginal tax rate of 32 percent, what weighted average cost of capital (WACC) should it use as it evaluates this project?

9. Worldwide Widget Manufacturing, Inc., wants to add two new production lines of widgets. You're asked to analyze whether to go forward with two mutually exclu- sive projects. The cash flows of both projects are displayed below. Your company uses a cost of capital of 9 percent to evaluate projects such as the two you're now analyzing. Show all calculations.

Calculate the payback of Project A:

Calculate the payback of Project B:

Calculate the IRR of Project A:

Calculate the IRR of Project B:

Using the NPV method and assuming a cost of capital of 6 percent, calculate the NPV of these two projects. Which of these mutually exclusive projects should the company accept?

10. You've been asked to use the following historical sales information to forecast next year's sales for Worldwide Widget Manufacturing, Inc. The actual sales for 2016 were \$1,950,000.
What would be next year's forecast using the naive approach and the average sales approach? What would be the MAPE using the naive approach and the average sales approach?

11. After adding a new line of widgets, Worldwide Widget Manufacturing, Inc., expects all assets and current liabilities to shrink with sales. The company has sales for the year just ended of \$20 million. The company also has a profit margin of 20 percent, a return ratio of 25 percent, and expected sales of \$18 million next year. Worldwide Widget Manufacturing, Inc., shows the following on its balance sheet.
Current assets \$2,500,000 Current liabilities \$1,250,000 Fixed assets 3,500,000 Long-term debt \$1,500,000
Equity 3,250,000 Total assets 000,000 Total liabilities and equity \$6,000,000

What amount of additional funds (AFN) will Worldwide Widget Manufacturing, Inc., need from external sources to fund the expected growth? What does the AFN show?