Define demographic transition with a brief history
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Question: Not all countries have moved through all 4 phases of the demographic transition. You are a consultant for a developing country that is not yet in phase IV of demographic transition.

Prepare a PowerPoint presentation of 10-12 slides (not including the Title and Reference slides) and include a minimum of 3 images. Produce a presentation on the following:

- Define demographic transition with a brief history of its development.

- Describe the 4 phases of demographic transition, including if the population is stable, growing, or declining in each.

- According to demographers, what factors lead to a decline in the crude birth rates (CBR) and crude death rates (CDR) in the epidemiologic and fertility phases of the demographic transition?

- Briefly describe three living conditions or environmental impacts in developed countries that have reached phase IV, and contrast them with these conditions or impacts in developing countries that remain in earlier phases.

- Assuming that the demographic transition phase IV is a goal for developing countries, what 2 programs or initiatives would you suggest to assist them in progress toward this goal?


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Demographic transition refers to a particular transition of birth and death rates from high values to the low values as the country develops and progresses ahead. Generally it is expressed as a characteristic of the country as develop from a pre-industrial primitive economy to the industrialized economy.

American Demographer Warren Thompson(1887-1973) has devised a demographic model in which the countries are staged as per the demographic transition statistics. Most of the developing countries are staged in stage 2 or 3, while the developed countries are staged in stage 3 or 4.

Demographic transition are presently applied to the countries which do have exhaustive information on the birth and death rates and hence the models are not applicable to the countries with very low economy rates(they do not have statistics) (Chesnais,1992)(Wells,1975).

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