Compare sociological theory and cognitive restructuring

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Assignment Objectives:

-Discuss the major biological, psychological and sociological theories of crime

-Compare and contrast sociological theory and cognitive restructuring

-Describe methods for changing criminal behavior

Based upon your personal reflections from Week 4 IP and your exploration of criminology thus far, consider the following scenario and provide some recommendations.

James T. Johnson is a 24-year-old construction worker who lives at home with his mother. During the week, he goes to work on time, does his work, and comes home. Occasionally, he will go out with a group of coworkers on a Friday evening. He has one other secret. He burglarizes homes and garages in the neighboring communities, selling what he steals via the internet or at pawn shops two counties over.

This past weekend, he was arrested during a burglary when he entered a home where the home owner was present. His mother had to mortgage her home to bail him out of jail. While driving him home, she started to berate him, stating that he has ended up "just like his father, a criminal" and that she will probably end up dying early due to the stress of having a criminal son.

James was angry and blurted out that it was her fault, that this was the only life he knew because his father never taught him anything worthwhile. He said that his mother and father fought all the time, and the main subject of their fights was his constant drinking.

What James did not know was that his father came from a physically and emotionally abusive family. Though he constantly drank and fought with James' mother, he tried not to direct this abuse at James. The result of his attempts to shield James was to ignore James almost entirely. His attempt not to abuse James led to his neglect of James. While James was a pre-teen and teen, his parents rarely knew what James was doing or who he was with. As such, James learned how to "fly below the radar" and avoid getting in trouble, while getting away with many antics that could have had him labeled as a juvenile delinquent.

Now that James has more insight into his father's behavior, apply 1 psychological theory and 1 sociological theory to this scenario.

Explain the concepts in your 1 psychological theory, and explain the concepts in your 1 sociological theory.

Relate both theories to James's father and why he reacted in this manner to James.

Explain how the theories that you chose can have an effect on future generations.

Be sure to reference all sources using APA style.

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Reference no: EM13846905

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