Reference no: EM13779631
Question 1.1 The autonomic component of an emotional response functions to mobilize energy for vigorous movement.
restore physiological balance after an emotional experience.
promote digestion of nutrients.
facilitate healing of damaged tissue.
alter skin coloring so as to provide an emotional cue to observers.
Question 2.2. The components that comprise fear are integrated by neurons within the amygdala.
reticular activating system.
Question 3.3. Elevated brain levels of the transmitter ________ function to inhibit aggression.
Question 4.4. Phineas Gage, who was injured when a steel rod was accidentally driven through his skull, exhibited capricious, emotional behavior (in part) as a result of widespread damage to his occipital cortex.
ventromedial prefrontal cortex.
primary motor cortex.
primary sensory cortex.
Question 5.5. A female mouse given daily injections of ________ for two weeks is more likely than a placebo-treated female to fight with a strange female mouse.
Question 6.6. The proposition that facial expressions of emotion are innate is supported by the observation that blind children show different facial emotional expressions than do sighted persons.
facial expressions of emotion vary by culture.
the same facial expression for an emotion is observed in all cultures.
facial expressions of emotion change over time in a culture.
some facial emotion expressions are only expressed in adulthood.
Question 7.7. Which statement best illustrates the James-Lange theory of emotion?
Feeling happy causes you to laugh.
Laugh and you will be happy.
Happiness is the result of excessive release of endorphins.
Your frontal lobe causes you to feel happy; your motor cortex causes you to laugh.
Feeling happy induces the species-typical reaction we call laughter.
Question 8.8. All of the following are positive symptoms of schizophrenia EXCEPT social withdrawal.
difficulty in communicating via language.
Question 9.9. A person who believes that he or she is President of the World is most likely suffering from a delusion of control.
Question 10.10. The dopamine hypothesis of schizophrenia states that schizophrenia is caused by low levels of one or more of the monoamines.
a breakdown product of the neurotransmitter serotonin.
overactivity of dopaminergic synapses.
damage to ascending dopamine fibers.
an imbalance between acetylcholine and dopamine within the frontal cortex.
Question 11.11. Mania involves feelings of pride.
distance and loneliness.
Question 12.12. Recurring attacks of acute and debilitating anxiety are a primary symptom of reactive depression.
Question 13.13. An obsession is a ________ , while a compulsion is a ________.
delusion; strong emotion
form of species-typical behavior; learned behavior
learned behavior; delusional thought
recurring feeling of anxiety; form of intense euphoria
Question 14.14. The most effective treatment for obsessive-compulsive disorder is the use of serotonin agonist drugs.
self-medication using alcohol and cocaine.
antibiotic drug therapy.
Question 15.15. Which of the following is the strongest support for a genetic influence on autism?
The concordance rate for autism is 70 percent in fraternal twins and 0 percent in identical twins.
The concordance rate for autism is 5 percent in fraternal twins and 70 percent in identical twins.
Siblings of autistic children are less likely to develop autism than the normal population.
Parents of autistic children are usually autistic.
Autism is effectively treated using serotonin agonist drugs.
Question 16.16. A persistent difficulty in concentrating, remaining still, and working on a task are the key characteristics of mania.
Question 17.17. Which of the following is true of the fight-or-flight response?
Prolonged exposure to stimuli that elicit fight-or-flight responses can lead to adverse health effects.
The fight-or-flight response involves catabolic processes.
The fight-or-flight response is adaptive in that it prepares an organism to either enter into battle or to flee a situation.
The term was coined by Walter Cannon.
All of the above are correct.
Question 18.18. The capacity of stress to ________ would predispose an organism to develop an infectious illness.
inhibit the immune system
induce high blood pressure
inhibit the inflammatory response
inhibit the secretion of steroid sex hormones
Question 19.19. Female rhesus monkeys are more likely to engage in fights with male monkeys just prior to menstruation.
just after menstruation.
only when threatened by the arrival of a new female in the social group.
near the time of ovulation.
Question 20.20. An increased risk of developing schizophrenia is associated with the mother experiencing obstetric complications.
being born during the late winter months.
a child born to a mother who experienced thiamine deficiency during a severe food shortage.
having the father die prior to the birth of the child.
All of the above are correct.a