+1-415-670-9189
info@expertsmind.com
Area of solar pv energy conversion
Course:- Electrical Engineering
Reference No.:- EM13885785




Assignment Help
Expertsmind Rated 4.9 / 5 based on 47215 reviews.
Review Site
Assignment Help >> Electrical Engineering

Question:

Prepare a "Technical Report & also a Presentation Paper".

Two Tasks Required to

Q1: 1)-Write a Technical Report of (5-8 pages), based on IEEE paper format.

2)-For the same paper, make a Presentation File of 5-10 Slides (based on the main Technical Report

Q2: 1)-Write a Technical Report of (5-8 pages), based on IEEE paper format(file attached).

2)-For the same paper, make a Presentation File of 5-10 Slides (based on the main Technical Report.

Project - Wiring Standards for Photovoltaic (PV) Installations (USA Standards ONLY)

The project will have an extensive review of current USA standards for dc and ac wiring of PV systems.

These standards usually involve requirements for wire or cable sizing, protection devices, anti-islanding, and others. Standards in USA for both residential and large-scale (solar farms) PV systems should be addressed.

Description and Deliverables

The project is intended to deepen your understanding in a specific area of solar PV energy conversion, and as a research training process.

Graduate students are expected to perform a project that is more simulation and experiment oriented than undergraduates who are expected to perform a simpler literature review or basic comparison type of project. Undergraduates are welcome to choose a more challenging project topic if they are interested.

You are welcome to propose project ideas outside the list given here, but these will need the instructor consent. All projects are individual.

The quality of the final project for graduate students should be that of a draft IEEE conference paper (Check IEEE Xplore for samples). Students are welcome to have separate discussions from office hours to pursue further research in their project topic.

Answered:-

Verified Expert


Preview Container content

Photovoltaic (PV) power systems used to produce hazardous voltages and currents for decades. To ensure the safety of the public for these extended periods of time, PV systems must be properly designed and installed using the highest standards of workmanship. This paper addresses the requirements for PV system grounding contained in the U.S. National Electrical Code® (NEC®) published by the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA). The NEC and the NEC Handbook are copyrighted by NFPA and the term NFPA-70 is a trademark owned by the NFPA (NFPA, 2011). It does not address in any detail the various American or European standards that are used to design and produce electrical instrument, nor does it cover the many electrical codes used in other countries.

Index Terms— Type, USA standards, wire or cable sizing, protection devices. A photovoltaic system, a power source is used to supply useable solar power.it consists of solar panels, solar inverter, mounting, cable, solar tracking system, an integrated battery solution and other electrical accessories to set-up a working system. It has no moving parts thus no specific thermal stresses are involved and it operates quietly. Thus it can offers extremely high reliability, low maintenance requirements and a long lifetime. PV system may come in the form of rooftop mounted, building integrated or grid connected

Fig: Photovoltaic power systems and components. Rooftop system in Boston, United States.
Fig: General photovoltaic system.
Fig: photovoltaic generator

During cloudy and dark periods a battery or a back-up generator is used as storage.
A number of solar modules are electrically interconnected in series and in parallel to satisfy a specific power demand by a PV system. The solar cell is the smallest independent operational unit of any PV system. It consists of a specific silicon diode having large aperture area for light absorption.

In USA PV systems follows some codes and standards like Electrical codes-National Electrical Code Article 690, Solar Photovoltaic Systems, NFPA 70 Uniform Solar Energy Code.
•Building Codes- ICC, ASCE 7
•UL Standard 1701; Flat Plat Photovoltaic Modules and Panels.
•IEEE 1547, Standards for Interconnecting distributed Resources with Electric Power Systems
•UL Standard 1741, Standard for Inverter, converters, Controllers and Interconnection System Instrument for use with Distributed Energy Resources
•IEC 61730-1 and IEC 61730-2 for safety in construction and
•IEC61215 and IEC61646 (design qualification and type approval).




Put your comment
 
Minimize


Ask Question & Get Answers from Experts
Browse some more (Electrical Engineering) Materials
Consider a PCM-TDM system in which 24 signals are to be processed. Each signal has a baseband bandwidth of 3 KHz. The sampling rate has to be 33.3% higher than the theoretic
what sources to pick to get total absorbed power and total delivered power, since a,e,f, and h absorb and b,c,d,and g supply and for total they suggest a+c+d+e+c=absorbed an
A series string of 5 diodes is connected through a resistor it to a 10 V supply. For diodes having 0.7 V drop at 1 mA and a 0.1 V/decade characteristic, find R required to e
No. 6 AWG copper wire has an area of 13.30mm2 and the resistivity at 200C is 1.75 x10-6 ohm-cm. Determine the length of No. 6 copper wireof the same temperature to give a resi
Find a linear approximation of methyl chloride pressure versus temperature from 70° to 90°C. Find the maximum error between the approximation and actual pressure in this ran
Given a DSP system in which a sampling rate of 8000 Hertz is used and the antialiasing filter is a second order Butterworth low pass filter with a cutoff frequency of 3.2 KH
The load can be connected in either wye or delta configuration. Calculate the load power and apparent power when connected to a 208V 60Hz supply, with each of wye and delta
Find (a) the electric susceptibility of cherry-flavored Jello, (b) the permittivity of cherry-flavored Jello, and (c) the electric flux density in cherry-flavored Jello f