Reversed Brayton Cycle Assignment Help

Gas Compression Refrigeration System - Reversed Brayton Cycle

Reversed Brayton Cycle

The figure shown below illustrates that the schematic diagram of the air cycle refrigeration system, the next figure shown below illustrates the cycle on which the system works. It is simple to comprehend from such figures that they are precisely similar, though for the directions of heat and work interactions. It is for this purpose that the ideal cycle on which air cycle refrigeration works is termed as the ‘reversed Joule or Brayton Cycle’.

 

                       475_Reversed Brayton Cycle.png

                                       Figure: Air Cycle Refrigeration System

                              1960_Reversed Brayton Cycle 1.png

                                            Figure: Reversed Brayton Cycle

Air leaving the refrigerated space at state 1 is compressed to state 2 adiabatically and reversibly. The compressed air is then cooled at steady pressure, Ph, to state 3 by passing the air via the cooler. The air at state 3 is then extended adiabatically and reversibly in the turbine to state 4. The work yield of the turbine, WT, helps the compressor to the degree it can, therefore decreasing the total work to be supplied from outside from WC to (WC – WT). The low pressure, low temperature air at state 4 comes into the space to be refrigerated to pick up the heat to sustain the refrigerated space at a temperature corresponding to state 1. 

Here, per kg air are the magnitudes of heat and work as follows, 

QL = h1 – h4 = cp (t1 – t4)
WC = h2 – h1 = cp (t2 – t1)
QH = h2 – h3 = cp (t2 – t3)
WT = h3 – h4 = cp (t3 – t4)

                                        1484_Reversed Brayton Cycle 2.png

 

Refrigeration capacity = m cp (T1 – T4)
Compressor power = m cp (T2 – T1)    

The cycle above is only an ideal cycle and therefore the irreversibility in the compressor and turbine is not well thought-out. In real practice, since of irreversibility the temperatures at the end of compression and expansion rises, leading to reduce in COP of the system.


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