Monkey poxMonkey pox is caused by Monkey pox virus, a member of genus Orthopoxvirus. Transmission generally occurs as a result of close contact with infected animals, mostly through a bite or exposure to an infected animal’s sores, blood, or other body fluids. The incubation period for Monkey pox is approximately 5 to 21 days and infection begins with a two-day prodome, followed by an abrupt onset of rash, often beginning on the face. Clinical symptoms of monkey pox include a centrifugally distributed vesiculopustular rash, respiratory distress, and, frequently, lymphadenopathy. Monkey pox exists in nature as a disease of non-human primates, rabbits, and some wild animals like prairie digs, ground squirrels, Gambian rats, and mice.