Zoonoses disease-chikungunya, Biology


Chikungunya, a metazoonosis, is caused by chikungunya virus belonging to genus Alphavirus of the family Togavirideae. The virus is transmitted by infected mosquitoes of Aedes, Culex and Mansonia genera and may affect man, baboon, monkeys and wild animals. The cases of chikungunya fever are reported almost every year in India.

There is a sudden onset of fever with chills, anorexia accompanied by frequent adenopathy, swelling of joints and rashes on the body. Conjunctivitis may also occur. The infection in animals usually remains asymptomatic. The disease can be diagnosed by isolation of virus by inoculating the blood sample of febrile patients in vero cell culture and suckling mice. Complement fixation, haemagglutination inhibition and serum neutralization tests are used for serodiagnosis. Control of mosquito vectors and protection from their bite are the important measures can help to reduce the incidence of disease.

Posted Date: 9/20/2012 2:10:30 AM | Location : United States

Related Discussions:- Zoonoses disease-chikungunya, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Zoonoses disease-chikungunya, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Zoonoses disease-chikungunya Discussions

Write discussion on Zoonoses disease-chikungunya
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
When the overlap between the thin and thick filaments of a sarcomere in a skeletal muscle is decreasing, A. the total length of the I band is increasing in the sarcomere. B.

Explain the Feeding 6-12 Months Infant? As the infant grows older, mother's milk alone is not sufficient to meet his increasing needs. This could be seen in few infants between

Demonstration of specific antigen(s): The presence of the viral antigen in the infected tissues and cells can be demonstrated by fluorescent antibody technique (FAT) and

Why do fats have thermal isolation properties? Triglycerides are weak heat conductors and in addition they form thick layers of fat tissue when accumulated by the organism. Tha

Enumerate the different means of evaluating the implant prior to stage 2 surgery. The Different means for evaluating the implant prior to stage 2; i) Radiographic evaluation

What is telophase? Telophase is the cell divides apart and screws itself.

How plants solve the problem of transporting substances throughout their tissues? In the bryophytes the substance transport is done by the diffusion. In the tracheophytes (pter

Grouping of Stem Cells: The range of differentiation “Potency” is an important property of Stem cells & serves as the basis for classifying cells as : Totipotent SCs -capa

Explain the difference among a sex-linked trait and a sex-influenced trait. A sex-influenced trait is influenced by the presence of sex hormones and its genes are not situated

Normal 0 false false false EN-IN X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4