Zoonoses disease-chikungunya, Biology

Chikungunya


Chikungunya, a metazoonosis, is caused by chikungunya virus belonging to genus Alphavirus of the family Togavirideae. The virus is transmitted by infected mosquitoes of Aedes, Culex and Mansonia genera and may affect man, baboon, monkeys and wild animals. The cases of chikungunya fever are reported almost every year in India.


There is a sudden onset of fever with chills, anorexia accompanied by frequent adenopathy, swelling of joints and rashes on the body. Conjunctivitis may also occur. The infection in animals usually remains asymptomatic. The disease can be diagnosed by isolation of virus by inoculating the blood sample of febrile patients in vero cell culture and suckling mice. Complement fixation, haemagglutination inhibition and serum neutralization tests are used for serodiagnosis. Control of mosquito vectors and protection from their bite are the important measures can help to reduce the incidence of disease.

Posted Date: 9/20/2012 2:10:30 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Zoonoses disease-chikungunya, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Zoonoses disease-chikungunya, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Zoonoses disease-chikungunya Discussions

Write discussion on Zoonoses disease-chikungunya
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Question 1: Write details of Botanical source, common name, part of plant used, chemical constituents and uses for the given drugs: a) Momordica charantia b) Moringaoleifera c

Rice milling Rice milling involves the following processing steps: rough rice (paddy rice) → hull removal  →  brown rice  → polishing to remove the bran coats (fruits and seed

Q. What is pericardial effusion? A pericardial effusion is viewed as an echo free space surrounding the heart, most commonly seen posteriorly. Echocardiography provides

Explain Effect of Nutrient Supplements on Drugs? A nutrient or nutrient supplement can alter the pharmacological action of a drug by enhancing the drug effect or by opposing it

What is the difference between spermatocyte I and spermatocyte II? The spermatocyte I (2n) undergoes the primary division of meiosis (meiosis I) originating two spermatocyte II

Codon Bias  is the tendency for an organism or virus to make use of certain codons more than the others to encode a particular amino acid. A significant detrminant of codon bias is

What are clotting factors? Clotting factors are substances (enzymes, coenzymes, reagents) essential for the clotting stages to happen. Besides those triggering factors and reag

Explain the Cardiovascular disease and stroke? Obesity may be an independent risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD) with the degree of obesity being directly proportional

How are bacteria classified according to the production of organic material for the energetic metabolism? Most bacteria are heterotroph, they do not produce their own food. The

HIS T O R Y - Protoplasm was first seen by Corti, 1772 F . Dujardin called it "Sarcode" & observed it in animal cell Term "Protoplasm" was given by J.E. Pu