Why did the great railway strike shock many americans?, History

Why did the Great Railway Strike shock many Americans?

Workers often protested against low wages or wage cuts by going on strike. This meant refusing to work and shutting down factories and businesses in an effort to force employers to make concessions. Although workers often attempted to band together to form labor unions or other workers' organizations, laws in the United States would not guarantee workers' right to join unions until the 1930s. Federal, state, and local authorities, as well as factory owners, frequently attempted to break strikes by hiring replacement workers or by arresting or intimidating strikers.

Labor unrest was widespread: more than 37,000 strikes occurred in the U.S. between 1880 and 1905! Many of these were small strikes, directed against a particular business. Others were nationwide strikes, involving thousands of workers.

The first nationwide strike, the Great Railway Strike, occurred in 1877, when the Baltimore and Ohio railroad announced at ten percent wage cut, and other railway companies also announced that they would reduce employees' wages. Workers began striking against the B & O Railroad at Martinsburg, West Virginia, and the strike quickly spread to railroad companies across from coast to coast. Strikers destroyed railroad locomotives, tracks, and buildings. The strike lasted two weeks, and was ended after President Rutherford Hayes sent U.S. troops to protect railroad company property. When the strike was over, nearly 100 strikers had been killed, and millions of dollars in property destroyed.

Posted Date: 5/1/2013 3:20:28 AM | Location : United States

Related Discussions:- Why did the great railway strike shock many americans?, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Why did the great railway strike shock many americans?, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Why did the great railway strike shock many americans? Discussions

Write discussion on Why did the great railway strike shock many americans?
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Use the example of a painting by Peter Paul Rubens and discuss how one or more key concepts are featured in the painting. Identify the painting by title, and include citations f

Look at the format (or the layout) of the Declaration of Independence. Is there anything unique, different, or surprising about the document - Explain?

How did President Truman justify his use of the atomic bombs to end World War II? Was this a new attitude toward war, or simply a continuation of what had been occurring throughout

How has the civil rights movement for African Americans served as a template for other groupsmobilizing for change (discuss at least two other groups). Identify and discuss the

Why did social reformers view alcohol as the greatest threat to public morality in the United States? How did political, economic, and constitutional issues combine to lead to t

The Supreme Court in the Dred Scott decision in effect ruled A) slavery was a nationwide institution and could only be prohibited by the states. B) slavery could be abolished with

Critics of George Washington's administration complained... a. that a group of close personal friends influenced his decision b. about the aristocratic trappings he brought to t

What were some reasons for the start of the fire?

Leo Tolstoy portrays a sudden, unanticipated transformation in the life of one man. Tolstoy wrote this story after his own conversion to Christianity. Compare Tolstoy's portraya

Resistance to Reconstruction-Civil War and Reconstruction? The debate over Reconstruction quickly became a political struggle between President Johnson and Republicans in Congr