What Is a Record ?
A record is a group of related data items that stored in the fields, each with its own name and datatype. Assume that you have different data about an employee like name, hire date, and salary. These items are logically associated but dissimilar in type. The record containing a field for each item lets you treat the data as a logical unit. Consequently, records make it easier to organize and represent the information.
The attribute %ROWTYPE declare a record that presents a row in the database table. Though, you cannot specify the datatypes of the fields in the record or declare the fields of your own. The datatype RECORD lifts these restrictions and define your own records.