What do you mean by conductors and insulators, Electrical Engineering

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Q. What do you mean by Conductors and Insulators?

In order to put charge in motion so that it becomes an electric current, one must provide a path through which it can flow easily by the movement of electrons. Materials through which charge flows readily are called conductors. Examples include most metals, such as silver, gold, copper, and aluminum. Copper is used extensively for the conductive paths on electric circuit boards and for the fabrication of electrical wires.

Insulators are materials that do not allow charge to move easily. Examples include glass, plastic, ceramics, and rubber. Electric current cannot be made to flow through an insulator, since a charge has great difficulty moving through it. One sees insulating (or dielectric) materials often wrapped around the center conducting core of a wire. Although the term resistance will be formally defined later, one can say qualitatively that a conductor has a very low resistance to the flow of charge, whereas an insulator has a very high resistance to the flow of charge. Charge-conducting abilities of various materials vary in a wide range. Semiconductors fall in the middle between conductors and insulators, and have a moderate resistance to the flow of charge. Examples include silicon, germanium, and gallium arsenide.


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