Vibriosis/campylobacteriosis, Biology


Vibriosis/campylobacteriosis


This is genital disease of cattle and sheep. The causal organism Campylobacter fetus is a gram negative, curved or spiral shaped bacteria having sometimes a longer form consisting of 4 or 5 coils. The organism is motile and needs low oxygen tension for growth. The saprophytic species can be differentiated from pathogenic ones on high tolerance of sodium chloride and glycerine for growth and certain biochemical tests. The organism is killed in 5 minutes at 580 C. It is easily destroyed by desiccation,  direct sunlight and standard disinfectants. The organisms are usually present in faeces, soil and water.


Transmission: Transmission occurs by coitus. The organisms are found in the preputial cavity of infected bulls. Mature cows and heifers also carry the infection for long periods. Infected bull and semen from an infected bull are important source of spread of the disease. The organisms survive at low temperature used in semen storage.


Symptoms: Infertility caused may become apparent only when the %age of pregnancies in a dairy herd is low. The infertility rate in heifers is more than in cows. Abortions usually occur between fifth and sixth month of pregnancy. Infected bulls show no symptoms and their semen is normal. Healthy bulls become infected during coitus with diseased cows. Often the infection results in permanent infertility. Among sheep the disease is characterized by abortion occurring towards the end of gestation. Usually abortion is preceded by vaginal discharge for several days. The aborted foetus is oedematous with petechial haemorrhages on serous surfaces and necrotic foci in the liver.


Diagnosis: A history of sterility or abortion may provide evidence of infection. The final diagnosis depends upon the examination of uterine exudate and stomach contents of the aborted foetus. In both the cases, the causal organisms can be demonstrated microscopically or culturally. Serological tests, like agglutination test using serum or the vaginal mucus of diseased cattle for approximately 2-12 months after infection are conducted. ELISA and Complement Fixation Test (CFT) are also used for diagnosis. The infected bull can be detected by inseminating virgin heifers and examining the heifer’s vaginal mucus after 3-4 weeks.


Treatment: The bulls can be treated by injecting antibiotic cream in the prepuce. There is no direct treatment of females.


Control: Abortion rate can be reduced by antibiotic therapy, and particularly by using chlortetracycline and concurrently with the development of specific immunity. Irrigation of uterus and prepuce with streptomycin is often effective. The use of killed vaccines may reduce the incidence of disease in a herd but does not eradicate the infection. The immunity is of short duration.

Posted Date: 9/17/2012 7:55:50 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Vibriosis/campylobacteriosis, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Vibriosis/campylobacteriosis, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Vibriosis/campylobacteriosis Discussions

Write discussion on Vibriosis/campylobacteriosis
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Q. Concerning permeability what type of membrane is the cell membrane? The cell membrane is a selectively permeable membrane that is it allows the passage of water and some sel

Altitudinal Variations We know that temperature decreases with increasing altitude. This is mainly due to convection currents in the troposphere - the lowermost (and most dense

This is concerned more with nature's services which also make vital contributions to the welfare of society and to ecological processes without which our planet would be uninhabita

Cerebro-spinal Fluid - Formed mainly by choroid plexus and ependyma of ventricles. It comes out of medulla oblongeta by foramen of magandie and lushka . Slightly alkalin

Breast Cancer Normal 0 false false false EN-IN X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4

give an account of specific characters of phylum porifera

NON-EDIBLE AND OTHER MINOR OILSEED CAKES Besides the annually cultivated oilseed crops namely, groundnut, sesame, mustard, linseed, coconut, cotton, sunflower and safflower, I

Explain the Physiology of Lactation? Lactogenesis is the onset of copious milk secretion around parturition, triggered by a fall in plasma progesterone levels. Although some co

Q. What are some diseases caused by abnormal GH secretion by the hypophysis? In childhood deficient GH secretion may lead to delayed growth and in severe cases to nanism that i

Explain the Phases of swallowing process in Dysphagia? i) Oral Phase: In this, food is placed in the mouth, mixed with saliva, chewed if required and formed into a bolus by t