Valve replacement, Biology

Valve Replacement

Replacement of the diseased valve is done. This is done biologic tissue valves or mechanical valves. Three types of biologic tissue valves are used.

Autograft :

In this, tissues of the same persons is used to make a valve or a valve itself is used e.g. pulmonary valve of a patient is taken and placed on the diseased aortic valve and the valve structure prepared from the pericardium is placed as pulmonary valve. (Ross procedure) 

Allograft :

A valve taken from a dead human after processing is used for replacing the diseased valve of another human being (tissue of
one species used for another of the same species).

Xenograft :

Valves taken from pig or pericardial tissue of calves after processing (porcupine and bovine valves).

Posted Date: 10/30/2012 7:31:01 AM | Location : United States







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