Using RENAME in combination with JOIN - SQL
Example gives pairs of ids of students having the same name, by joining two renamings of IS_CALLED. Example gives an equivalent expression in SQL.
Example: Renaming and joining
Student Sid1 is called Name and so is student Sid2
FROM (SELECT StudentId AS Sid1, Name FROM IS_CALLED)
(SELECT StudentId AS Sid2, Name FROM IS_CALLED)
As before, the result sagely tells us that student S1 (Anne) has the same name as herself and also shows two pairings of S1 with S5 (both named Boris). The pairing of a student id with itself can be avoided by adding WHERE Sid1 < > Sid2 to the WHERE clause. The duplicate pairings can further be avoided by using < instead of < > in this addition, but that trick assumes that an ordering is defined for type SID, which is not necessarily the case.