User charges, Biology

User Charges

User charges (or fees) refer to charges levied on the users of public healthcare services. While this view limits its scope only to the fee charged in public health facilities, in a more general sense, it includes expenses incurred for availing health services in private centres too. An underlying distinction is also brought out by the nature of its (i.e. the user fees’) subsequent availability for improving the healthcare services. For instance, in the case of public healthcare services, the fees generated goes to the public exchequer and therefore may not necessarily get redirected for improving the services in the public facilities. But in the case of private health services, such collections may be invested in the improvement of health services. This reinvestment may take the form of stocking drugs, payment of bonus to medical personnel, etc.

In a much larger context, the various indirect expenses incurred by the people (e.g. cost of transportation to and from the hospitals, travel and staying expenses of accompanying relatives and friends, expenses on food purchase, opportunity costs lost by way of study time/wages/home duties, etc.) also constitute important components of expenses incurred on healthcare, even though not directly as user charges in the restricted sense.

 

Posted Date: 12/17/2012 1:57:43 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- User charges, Assignment Help, Ask Question on User charges, Get Answer, Expert's Help, User charges Discussions

Write discussion on User charges
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
How are bacteria classified according to the production of organic material for the energetic metabolism? Most bacteria are heterotroph, they do not produce their own food. The


Database Search: Once an open reading frame or the partial amino acid sequence has been pre-determined, the investigator compares sequence with others in the databases using a com

Define Functions of sodium and chloride? So far you have learnt that most minerals participate in important functions of body as they support the activity of specific enzymes.

Formation of New Membranes Divisions of the egg or blastomeres raise the total surface area of the two daughter cells to be covered via membrane at every cleavage. The parent

In an outline form only, attempt the classification of the phylum arthropoda

Define Mid root (latral) perforation? Perforation through latral wall of the root canal during cleaning and shaping or during post space preparation

Submission of evidence items to the forensic laboratory requires that a specific "Evidence Submission Request Form" be completed. What information should be included on the form?

How to repair the defects in post myocardial ? Repair of Defect :  The approach to the defect is through ventriculotomy over the infarcted area. The defect is repaired

Q. What is population density? The Population density is the relation between the number of individuals of a population and the area or volume they occupy. For instance, in 200