User charges, Biology

User Charges

User charges (or fees) refer to charges levied on the users of public healthcare services. While this view limits its scope only to the fee charged in public health facilities, in a more general sense, it includes expenses incurred for availing health services in private centres too. An underlying distinction is also brought out by the nature of its (i.e. the user fees’) subsequent availability for improving the healthcare services. For instance, in the case of public healthcare services, the fees generated goes to the public exchequer and therefore may not necessarily get redirected for improving the services in the public facilities. But in the case of private health services, such collections may be invested in the improvement of health services. This reinvestment may take the form of stocking drugs, payment of bonus to medical personnel, etc.

In a much larger context, the various indirect expenses incurred by the people (e.g. cost of transportation to and from the hospitals, travel and staying expenses of accompanying relatives and friends, expenses on food purchase, opportunity costs lost by way of study time/wages/home duties, etc.) also constitute important components of expenses incurred on healthcare, even though not directly as user charges in the restricted sense.

 

Posted Date: 12/17/2012 1:57:43 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- User charges, Assignment Help, Ask Question on User charges, Get Answer, Expert's Help, User charges Discussions

Write discussion on User charges
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
What is Muscular dystrophy Muscular dystrophy :- Defects in the muscle due to faulty nutrition.

Hormon e . The chief cells of the parathyroids secrete a hormone called parathyroid hormone (PTH) or parathormone or also called Collip's hormone after the name of its discove

Effects of long term malnutrition on adults In adults, once the stored carbohydrates and fats are used up, the body starts using proteins to generate energy. These protei

Define Essential Parts of Photocolorimeter - Light Source? The light source is usually a tungsten lamp, for wavelength in the visible range (320-700 nm) and a deuterium or hydr

Describe the Supra Cardiac Type of TAPVC ? After connecting the baby to cnrdiopulmonary bypass, the common pulmonary venous channel is dissected. This lies behind the left atr

Tularaemia The disease is known by different names like deer fly fever, rabbit fever, Ohara’s disease or tularensis. It is an acute, febrile, granulomatous infection, caused b

Pancreas Insulin (β cells) Promotes glucose entry in many cells, and in this way controls carbohydrate metabolism. Glucagon (α cells) Increases synthesis and release of

Parturient paresis (milk  fever, hypocalcaemia) Parturient paresis is an acute to peracute non-febrile disease, which occurs in diary cows and buffaloes usually around the t

Explain about the Autodispensor? This is used to transfer accurate quantities of liquids that are difficult to pipette like concentrated acids, alkalis, etc. You will also use

Minerals  :-  Sodium Food Source      NaCl, MSG, other food additives, milk, low in most raw foods Nutritional Functional role Essential nutrient: Deficiency is ra