Use of derivatives in equity portfolio management
The development of derivatives instruments in the type of futures, options and swaps provide the investor additional tools in structuring the risk or return characteristics of investment strategies. The influence of using derivatives on an investment portfolio can be complicated. It is useful to have a methodology to understand the payoff patterns from several combinations of derivatives. Such a framework permits the investor to see the effect of using a derivative as the price of the underlying security changes in order to calculate the desirability of a specific strategy.