Universal bibliography, Humanities

Universal

A universal bibliography is one that includes everything that is issued, published, or processed in the field of knowledge from the beginning to the future. Dr. Ranganathan defines a bibliography to be universal when it includes all published materials, whether books or portion of them or periodicals or articles in them or combination of them, on all subjects, in all languages, in all countries, at all times. In other words, a universal bibliography is one that records all documents, produced in all languages in all countries of the world, without restriction of the theme. 

The preparation of a universal bibliography of the above nature appears to be a mammoth task almost impossible to achieve. Bibliographers for the last many years have been trying to accomplish it. There are various limitations for preparation of such a bibliography due to the tremendous growth of knowledge and literature in the last 30-40 years. Along with it, language is a main barrier. Another constraint is the way to compile and arrange the entries in the bibliography. Introduction of computers have however reduced some of these problems.

There have been many early attempts for preparation of such bibliographies. One of the few well-known events in the history of universal bibliography is the valiant attempt made by two Belgian Scholars, Paul Otlet and Henri La Fontaine, starting in the year 1895 and into early years of the twentieth century. They attempted to create a universal classified bibliography of books and important periodical articles.

Although millions of entries were accumulated on cards at the headquarters of the scheme, in Brussels, the venture failed through due to lack of international financial support, but out of it came the now well known FID - International Federation for Information and Documentation and the Universal Decimal Classification (UDC).

As mentioned earlier there are no known published universal bibliographies but some possible examples in this directions can be published catalogues of British Library Reference Division,. British Library, WK), Library of Congress of US, and
Bibliotheque Nationale of France.

Posted Date: 11/2/2012 3:15:28 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Universal bibliography, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Universal bibliography, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Universal bibliography Discussions

Write discussion on Universal bibliography
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
The Development of Chan (Zen) Buddhism Amitabha Buddha Buddha of the Western Paradise, a.k.a. Pure Land Buddhism. Intercession of the help of this Buddha: if you recite his

stress and brunout in teacher

Revision It is difficult and costly venture to produce a really authoritative encyclopaedia. They get out of date in a course of time due to dynamic nature of knowledge. Hence

describe the factors which decide the broad area of scientific activity

Bilingual Dictionaries Mostly compiled as an aid to learning a foreign language, they are available in various sizes ranging from pocket size to multi-volume sets. British p

FUNCTIONS In the last two decades there have been tremendous developments in production of documents. The volume of published literature has enormously increased. Bibliograp

Subject Indexing Models and Their Principal Features   A number of subject indexing models have been designed and developed in the past hundred years or so, many of which are i

Write an essay (1,000-1,250 words) that demonstrates a good comprehension of the enlightenment worldview and how it became a threat to orthodoxy. Your essay should explore how the

1. Trace the development of the Industrial Revolution in early 19 th century America. How did life for the American workers change during the Industrial Revolution? Were workers b

why US failed to flush put Taliban from Afghanistan