Typological species concept, Biology

The typological species concept was suggested by Plato more than 2000 years ago. According to this concept, the immense variety in nature can be reduced to a few "types". Individuals may vary but they belong to a single type. In practice this is just a morphological species concept. Most modern evolutionists find the typological species inadequate as it is a static concept. It fails to capture the dynamism of speciation as a significant evolutionary process.

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