Types of observation, Other Management

Types  of Observation:

Types of observation relate  to  the  observer-observed relationship. It has been described as "concealment and participant", "concealment and non- participant", "no-concealment and participant" and "no-concealment and non-participant" as diagrammatically shown  in  Figure.  

 

289_Types of Observation.png

"Non-concealment"  and "Concealment"  refer to whether the observer makes his intentions known  to the persons observed or not, whereas "participant"  and "non-participant"  refer  to  the role of observer; that is, whether the observer  is  a part  of the social setting or makes the observation from periphery of a social setting. The instruments used for the technique can be unstructured e.g.  logs and  field notes, Anecdotes or can be  structured e.g.  "Logs  and Field Notes":  Logs  is  a record of events and conversations and usually is maintained on  a daily basis by  field worker.  

  • "Field notes"  may  include  daily  log  but  tend  to be  much  broadel;  more analytic, and  include  more  intelpretation  than  more  listing of occurrences. "Anecdotes":  Anecdotes focus on behaviour of particular interest.
  • Anecdote typically  selects specific kind  of events and behaviours for observation beforehand. The observer objectively, and accurately records the observation.
  • "Checklists": It  is  a tool used  for structured observation where phenomena are recorded by  putting a tally against a particular behaviour, event or characteristic depending upon  its presence or absence (Refer Block 2). When  developing a checklist researcher must  list all the expected behaviours related to  the vaiiable being measured. So  that alr relevant behaviours  in  the subjects will correctly' be identified. 

 

Posted Date: 11/3/2012 7:58:45 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Types of observation, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Types of observation, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Types of observation Discussions

Write discussion on Types of observation
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
QUESTION (a) Define and discuss the differences between vision and mission statements (b) List 10 major benefits of strategic management (c) What are the pitfalls in stra

M odel which supports EPM Enterprise project management is an optimistic trait of the organisation that changes the way business is conducted through projects. A replica of an

S t rategy-Implementing and strategy-making value The CoP gives value through the ability to develop the new strategies as well as implement the existing ones. The CoP, on th

Question 1: Read the following and answer the questions below. You are the Health and Safety Officer of a big industrial group which is constructing a new factory in which o

Question 1: (a) The accident rate of two companies of similar size and producing identical product is found to differ. Explain possible reasons for this difference. (b) Th

Probability Sampling: Probability sampling involves the use  of  random selection process  to  select a sample  from members  or  elements of a population. The goal of probabi

Vatican Rules - british museum cataloguing rules: Vatican Library. Rules for the Catalogue of Printed Books I translated from the 2nd Italian edition 1938, by the very Rev. Th

LEVELS OF MEASUREMENT: Measurement is the process  of assigning numbers  to  the variables. Ways  to assign these numbers include counting, ranking and comparing objects or ev

Question 1: Elaborate on the weaknesses of the Traditional Model of Public Administration. Question 2: Define the term "Administrative Reform". Why is it so critical i

Prussian Instructions: The Prussian instructions. Rules for the alphabetical catalogues of the Prussian libraries l translated from the 2nd edition, authorized, 1908; with an