Types of observation, Other Management

Types  of Observation:

Types of observation relate  to  the  observer-observed relationship. It has been described as "concealment and participant", "concealment and non- participant", "no-concealment and participant" and "no-concealment and non-participant" as diagrammatically shown  in  Figure.  

 

289_Types of Observation.png

"Non-concealment"  and "Concealment"  refer to whether the observer makes his intentions known  to the persons observed or not, whereas "participant"  and "non-participant"  refer  to  the role of observer; that is, whether the observer  is  a part  of the social setting or makes the observation from periphery of a social setting. The instruments used for the technique can be unstructured e.g.  logs and  field notes, Anecdotes or can be  structured e.g.  "Logs  and Field Notes":  Logs  is  a record of events and conversations and usually is maintained on  a daily basis by  field worker.  

  • "Field notes"  may  include  daily  log  but  tend  to be  much  broadel;  more analytic, and  include  more  intelpretation  than  more  listing of occurrences. "Anecdotes":  Anecdotes focus on behaviour of particular interest.
  • Anecdote typically  selects specific kind  of events and behaviours for observation beforehand. The observer objectively, and accurately records the observation.
  • "Checklists": It  is  a tool used  for structured observation where phenomena are recorded by  putting a tally against a particular behaviour, event or characteristic depending upon  its presence or absence (Refer Block 2). When  developing a checklist researcher must  list all the expected behaviours related to  the vaiiable being measured. So  that alr relevant behaviours  in  the subjects will correctly' be identified. 

 

Posted Date: 11/3/2012 7:58:45 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Types of observation, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Types of observation, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Types of observation Discussions

Write discussion on Types of observation
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Arrangement of Documents in Libraries: Until the end of the 19th century library collections were small in size. Not as many subject fields had developed as one notice now, an

Total Quality Management (TQM) is now practiced in business as well as in government, the military, education, and non-profit organisations. TQM is thus applied to any type of orga

Question 1: What are the major issues related to repatriation? Describe Repatriation Major isssues related to repariation   Question 2: Prepare a short

Question 1 Explain the steps in developing pattern for built-up neckline and cowl neckline along with  diagrams Question 2 What is pegged skirt? Explain the method of develo

Hacker Hacker is one who delights in having an intimate understanding of the Internet workings of a system or computers and computer networks in particular.

QUESTION 1 Attempt a SWOT analysis for the Cyber Island Concept in your country. You will have to analyse the business environment in the first instance and propose at least thr

Construct  Validity: In  cqnstruct validity, the investigator  is  concerned with the questions  the  concept under investigation being adequately measured? Is  there  a valid

Audience Analysis To enhance communication with your audience, you must have to analyze it carefully to formulate a message in a way they will understand and search meaningful

QUESTION 1 Apply Porter's Five Forces Model to UTM explaining how it can be used by the University to assess the attractiveness of the Tertiary Education Sector QUESTION 2

Question: (a) What do you understand by the term ‘An Organization'? (b) Differentiate between ‘A Formal Organization' and ‘An Informal Organization' (c) List three fac