Transplantation, Biology

Transplantation -

  • It is implanting of a living or preserved tissue or organ from one site to another side in the same individual or from one individual called donor to recipient.
  • Cornea transplant performed in 1905 was one of first organ transplant.
  • First kidney transplant was done between identical twins in 1954 by Dr. Charls Hufnagel.
  • Christian Bernard performed the first heart transplant.
  • The problem in tissue transplanation is of shortage of compatible donors & the rejection ractions graft reaction is of 3 types - acute, hyperacute & chronic.
  • According to the site of transplantation, there are 2 types -

1. Orthopic graft - If it is transplanted at normal recipient site eg. heart transplant.

2. Heterotopic graft - If it is transplanted at abnormal site e.g. kidney transplant in iliac fossa.

According to the genetic relationship between donor & recipient it is of 4 types -

1.       Syngeneic or Autograft -

Same individual

2.       Isogeneic or isograft -

Same species gentically identical.

3.       Allogenecic or allograph -

Same species genetically unrelated.

4.       Xenogenic graft or xenograph -

Different species.

Posted Date: 10/4/2012 6:52:48 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Transplantation, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Transplantation, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Transplantation Discussions

Write discussion on Transplantation
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
According to the chemistry concept the existence of different kinds of crystal of the same chemical compound is known as polymorphism

Q. What is thyroid disease? Thyroid disease: Thyroid disease is associated with angina. Anginas pectoris presents itself in the form of speific symptoms which tend to re- oc

In how many parts Classification of Hydrocolloids Hydrocolloids, based on their solubility, thickening and gelling properties in water, are categorized into two main classes.

Consider a simple spherical model cell that consists of cytoplasm and a plasma membrane. The cell's initial volume is 2 nL and contains 0.2 M protein. The cell is placed in a la

Identify three ways that bacteria can be transmitted from person to person. Diseases affecting nerves contain botulism and tetanus; diseases affecting the intestine include sa

Q. What is the treatment process of mitral stenosis? Presence of symptoms or any complications is an indication for treatment. Apart from penicillin prophylaxis no other treatm

Blood transfusion  The blood of Raja cannot be transfused to Rama because the blood group of Raja is ‘B' and blood group of Rama is ‘A'. If Raja's blood with group ‘B' is

Enumerate the Number of converging developments These include: 1) A better definition of the unique developmental concepts that are applicable to infants and young children,

a) A cat has just arrived to the veterinary clinic with low blood pressure. The cat weighs 5 kg, and as the on call Vet you want to use a bag of saline to prepare a dopamine drip f

what are the economic importance of obelia?