A tracheostomy is an external opening made into the trachea in order to provide an artificial airway (an opening is made in the 2nd and 3rd or 4th tracheal rings).
Nursing Responsibility in Managing a Tracheostomy Patient
1) Maintain, a patient airway. 2) Observe the patient for any complications. 3) Observe strict aseptic technique. 4) Ensure humidification. 5) Provide communication facilities to the patient. 6) Change the dressing pm. and the keep the area clean and dry. 7) Provide frequent mouth care. 8) Provide psychological support. 9) Understand the patient and his problems.