Tpes of diarrhoea, Biology

Tpes of Diarrhoea:

Diarrhoea can be acute, chroniclpersistent diarrhoea and dysentery. 

If an episode of diarrhoea lasts less than 14 days, it is acute diarrhoea. Acute watery diarrhoea causes dehydration and contributes  to malnutrition. The death of a child with acute diarrhoea is usually due to  dehydration. If the diarrhoea lasts 14 days or more, it is persistent diarrhoea. Up to 20 per cent of episodes of diarrhoea become persistent. Persistent diarrhoea ofter,  causes nutritional problems  that contribute  to  deaths in children who have diarrhoea Diarrhoea with blood in the stool, with or without mucus, is called dysentry.  

The most common cause of dysentery is Shigella bacteria. Amoebic dysentery is not common in young children. A child may have both watery diarrhoea and dysentery. 

Etiology 

The causes of diarrhoea can be classified as follows: 

i)  Infectious causes Viral  : Rota virus, Norwalk and allied viruses, Enterovirus, Influenza virus, measles virus. Bacterial  : E.coli, Shigella, Salmonella, Staphylococcus, Campylobacter Jeguni, Yersinia  enterocolitice, Clostridium dificile, Aeromoneus hydrophilia, Vibrio parahemolyticus,  klebsella. Parasities  : Giardia Larnbila, Entarnoeba  histolytica, Canadida albicans, 8  Trichuris, Trichuria, Strongyliods stercoralis. Fungi  : Canadida albicans, Histoplasma capsulatum 

ii)  Drugs  : Antibiotics 

iii)  Diet  : Food poisoning, Food allergy, Overeating, Starvation 

iv)  Necrotising enterocolitis 

v)  Other causes  : Intussusception, Uremic syndrome, Congenital aganglionic .  mgacolon, Neonatal drug withdrawal syndrome.  

 

Posted Date: 10/26/2012 7:25:07 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Tpes of diarrhoea, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Tpes of diarrhoea, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Tpes of diarrhoea Discussions

Write discussion on Tpes of diarrhoea
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Q. Can High blood pressure cause coronary sclerosis? High blood pressure causes coronary sclerosis (hardening in early stages, fatty lesions in the inner surface of [he artery

Q. When Aflatoxigenic molds can occur? Occurrence: Aflatoxigenic molds can occur in warmer parts of the world and aflatoxicosis maybe produced in a wide range of tropical and s

Which are the three parts of the small intestine? The small intestine is separated into three portions: duodenum, jejunum and ileum. Digestion System - Image Diversity: smal

Meteorological Factors and Air Pollution Air pollution levels in a region are affected by wind, location, topography, precipitation and temperature inversions. Wind can carry

Define Historical example for scaling from individual to ecosystems? Biological oceanographers have long utilized physiologically based models like the Droop model, which reduc

Q. Can you explain Irradiation? Irradiation: It is the process of exposing food to carefully controlled amount of ionising energy to destroy and control microorga

Explain the Phase Contrast Microscop? Unpigmented and unstained living cells can be easily observed by phase contrast microscope. It has a special objective and a condenser th

Why there is difference in the colour obtained for the dextrin solution (ammonium sulphate and dextrin )when brought to iodine test Respetively by first half saturation test and t

Constrictive Pericarditis :  It is usually the end stage of inflammatory process involving pericardium. In developing world, infection with mycobacterium tuberculosis is still com

Question 1 A patient is admitted to the hospital with suspected pneumococcal pneumonia. How would you confirm this initial diagnosis? Answer the following questions a) Which is