Tin and lead, Chemistry

 

GROUP 14: TIN AND LEAD

Tin and lead give some resemblance to the lighter elements in group 14, especially Ge. Although they are uniquely more metallic in their physical and chemical characteristics, simple cationic chemistry is the exception rather than the rule. As with group 13, two oxidation states MIV and MII are found, the MII form giving more stable for lead.

Both substances have rather low abundance, but are commoner than other heavy metals. They occur in the minerals galena PbS and cassiterite SnO2. They each have various stable isotopes, Sn more than any other element (10). Some Pb isotopes are discovered from the radioactive decay of uranium and thorium. The isotopic composition of Pb (and thus its atomic mass) differs detectably according to the source, and such variations have been used to estimate the age the Earth of and of rocks.

The elements are readily made by reduction of their ores and are soft, low-melting, somewhat unreactive metals. Tin is required for plating, and both elements in low-melting alloys and as many elements. Applications of lead are declining as its substances are very toxic. A continuing major need is in leadacid batteries, which depend on two reactions involving the PbII, Pb0 and PbIV states:

 

988_Untitled.png

Occurring at different electrodes, these show a cell potential of 2 V, greater than can be obtained easily from any other pair of electrode reactions in aqueous solution

Posted Date: 7/23/2012 7:22:08 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Tin and lead, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Tin and lead, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Tin and lead Discussions

Write discussion on Tin and lead
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Physical properties of Acetone - Aldehydes and Ketones (a)  Acetone is a colourless liquid with characteristic pleasant odour. (b) Acetone is inflammable liquid. It boils at

Mutation: A mutation is a physical or chemical change which changes the sequence of bases in DNA molecule. Anything which causes mutation is known as mutagen. A mutation conseq

describe any three types of EDTA titrations.

Glucose, (C 6 H 12 O 6 ) or Aldo-hexose  Glucose is termed as dextrose as it happens in nature as the optically active dextrorotatory isomer. It is as well known as grape sugar

Experiment on Archimedes'  principle Solder a cycle valve to single half of a copper ball tap float. Load inside the other half with lead or lead shot unless the whole just flo

How are formalin and trioxane related to methanol?



assignment of 15 pages on dienes

Tests for acetone - Indigo test and Iodoform test (a) Indigo test: When a small amount of orthonitrobenzaldehyde is added to approximately 2 ml. of acetone and it is diluted al