Theory of gas turbine propulsion, Physics

This assignment is intended to introduce you to the theory of gas turbine propulsion. The theory of the most simple gas turbine aircraft engine, the ideal turbojet, is detailed in the lecture notes and in the appendix of this handout.

In marking this assignment, I am looking for evidence that the students understand clearly the fundamentals of thermodynamics and its implications. Clear argument and concise answers will be rewarded.

Background

A turbojet engine consists of the following components: 

(1-2)  Inlet or "diffuser"   Isentropic deceleration of the air for entry into the engine 

(2-3)  Compressor            Increases the stagnation pressure and stagnation temperature 

(3-4)  Combustor/burner  Adds energy to the flow via the combustion of fuel 

(4-5)  Turbine                    Extracts work from the flow in order to drive the compressor 

(5-9)  Outlet nozzle           accelerates the flow, thus increasing the thrust.  Decreases static  pressure of flow to that of the free stream.  NOTE: can be converging, or converging-diverging nozzle. 

 Questions Format your report such that each numbered item below is repeated in the report, followed by your answer.

1. Derive an equation that determines Tt4 from the measured data.

2. Plot the calculated turbine inlet temperature Tt4 versus engine speed.

3. Are the results for Tt4 reasonable given typical material temperature limits?

4. Derive an equation that determines the exhaust velocity, u9 from the measured data.

5. Plot u9 versus engine speed.

6. The exhaust velocity, u9 reaches values higher than 340 m/s, which is the speed of sound at sea level in the Earth's atmosphere. How are these velocities achieved given that the engine only has a convergent nozzle?

 7. On the same graph, plot the measured and ideal thrust of the engine versus the measured engine speeds.

8. A formula for the specific thrust (and its derivation) is given in the appendix. Re-derive the specific thrust equation for a turbojet whose compressor and turbine have isentropic efficiencies of ηc and ηt respectively

9. What are realistic values of ηc and ηt for the micro turbojet? Using these values and your equation from Q8, recalculate the thrust of the engine, plotting the data on your graph from Q7.

10. How do the theoretical results for thrust (from both Q7 and Q9) compare with the measured data? Comment on the most likely reasons for any differences.

Posted Date: 2/27/2013 12:10:42 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Theory of gas turbine propulsion, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Theory of gas turbine propulsion, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Theory of gas turbine propulsion Discussions

Write discussion on Theory of gas turbine propulsion
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
A satellite is orbiting around a planet. its velocity is found to depend upon a.)Radius of orbit b.)mass of planet c.)universal gravitational constant(G) Using dimensional analysis

Determine the Charge of the lithium ion A mass spectrometer often is used in carbon dating to verify the ratio of C-14 isotopes to C-12 isotopes in a biological sample. This ra


Micanite is a form of (A) Built up mica. (B) Hydrated potassium aluminium silicate. (C) Magnesium mica. (D) Calcium mica. Ans: Micanite is a form of Buil

In the case of materials some of the atoms or ions in the material have a net magnetic due to unpaired electrons in partially filled orbits. However, the individual magnetic mome

As a longitudinal wave moves through a medium, the particles of the medium: a) vibrate in a path parallel to the path of the wave b) vibrate in a path perpendicular to the p

Problem The work done by a force as it acts on an object equals the force times the displacement times the cosine of the angle between the force and displacement vectors. a

Why can''t an alpha particle touch the periphery of nucleus?

why fall an apple from a tree

The resultant of two forces 3P and 2P is R. If the first force is doubled then the resultant is also doubled. then the angle between the two forces us. plz xplain with the solution