The accident or incident theory - accident causation, Biology

The Accident or Incident Theory - Accident Causation

Peterson when reiterating the significance of human factors added such factors as ergonomic traps, the decision to err and system failure like additional causes to accident occurrence. He as well redefined overload as combination of pressure, fatigue, motivation, drugs, alcohol and worry. Ergonomic traps were described as incompatible workstation with shortcomings of size, force, reach and feel. Misjudgement of the risk, unconscious desire to commit error and logical decision based upon misjudged situation were included under decision to err. The decision to err may be conscious and based upon worker's logic or it may be unconscious. A variety of pressures like meeting the deadline, pressure from peers and budget consideration may lead a person to behave in unsafe way.

Peterson in his enunciation stressed on system failure component comprising casual relationship between management policy or decision and safety. It as well emphasizes upon greater and more important role of management in safety by way of making awareness and imparting training to workers. The management may not define the accountability and authority in respect of safety to add to failure of system. The management might erroneously conclude, that "it won't happen here", and this very idea may become the cause of accident. An instance of this theory operating was found in a poultry processing industry with the best professional in safety heading the 0rganisation:He paid personal attention to each detail like training, use of safe cutting instruments, measurement of work and usually made every worker safety conscious. His achievement got him elected to position of president of association of safety managers. His attention was divided among in his own work and duties of president of association. His well-organized outlook and care to serve the association developed the attitude that "it won't happen here" that led to system failure. A large number of workers filed compensation claim for suffering from carpal tunnel syndrome, a disease affecting soft tissues due to repetitive work. The company by its own investigator confirmed the system failure and agreed to pay compensation, even though employees themselves were guilty of decision to err.

Posted Date: 1/28/2013 6:48:11 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- The accident or incident theory - accident causation, Assignment Help, Ask Question on The accident or incident theory - accident causation, Get Answer, Expert's Help, The accident or incident theory - accident causation Discussions

Write discussion on The accident or incident theory - accident causation
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Water Absorption Water status of a plant is determined by two major factors: i) water absorption and ii) water loss. We deal with water absorption in this section and water lo


Q. Supportive Therapy for diabetes patient? Certain foods, part of food or food components have been found to be beneficial in managing hyperglycemia. Most of these have been i

The following are the important neuropathic symptoms: 1. Dysesthesia: It means burning or tingling sensation, sunburn like feeling etc. Take a note of duration, time of occurre

Polysaccharides and Oligosaccharides are both parts of carbohydrate molecules, but they vary in complexity and size. The Oligosaccharides are much easier and smaller, according to

Q. Dietary Management during congestive cardiac failure? Nutritional care is a little difficult in congestive cardiac failure. This is because oedema complicates the nutritiona

Uses of modified starches in food and confectionery industries Visit a grocery shop and look out for products such as the instant desserts, jelly beans, salad dressings, tomato

Q. Explain the process of Angioplasty? Inflation of stenotic segment causes stretching of the vessel, fracture of the intimal plaque, partial disruption of the media and adven

Q. Enumerate the anatomic consequences of edentulism? The anatomic consequences of edentulism include the effect of edentulism on bone and soft tissues. Basal bone forms the de

Arrhythmias especially in presence of hypokalemia, lack of mortality benefit. However, their efficacy in reducing the symptoms of heart failure has been established. Digoxin should