The accident or incident theory - accident causation, Biology

The Accident or Incident Theory - Accident Causation

Peterson when reiterating the significance of human factors added such factors as ergonomic traps, the decision to err and system failure like additional causes to accident occurrence. He as well redefined overload as combination of pressure, fatigue, motivation, drugs, alcohol and worry. Ergonomic traps were described as incompatible workstation with shortcomings of size, force, reach and feel. Misjudgement of the risk, unconscious desire to commit error and logical decision based upon misjudged situation were included under decision to err. The decision to err may be conscious and based upon worker's logic or it may be unconscious. A variety of pressures like meeting the deadline, pressure from peers and budget consideration may lead a person to behave in unsafe way.

Peterson in his enunciation stressed on system failure component comprising casual relationship between management policy or decision and safety. It as well emphasizes upon greater and more important role of management in safety by way of making awareness and imparting training to workers. The management may not define the accountability and authority in respect of safety to add to failure of system. The management might erroneously conclude, that "it won't happen here", and this very idea may become the cause of accident. An instance of this theory operating was found in a poultry processing industry with the best professional in safety heading the 0rganisation:He paid personal attention to each detail like training, use of safe cutting instruments, measurement of work and usually made every worker safety conscious. His achievement got him elected to position of president of association of safety managers. His attention was divided among in his own work and duties of president of association. His well-organized outlook and care to serve the association developed the attitude that "it won't happen here" that led to system failure. A large number of workers filed compensation claim for suffering from carpal tunnel syndrome, a disease affecting soft tissues due to repetitive work. The company by its own investigator confirmed the system failure and agreed to pay compensation, even though employees themselves were guilty of decision to err.

Posted Date: 1/28/2013 6:48:11 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- The accident or incident theory - accident causation, Assignment Help, Ask Question on The accident or incident theory - accident causation, Get Answer, Expert's Help, The accident or incident theory - accident causation Discussions

Write discussion on The accident or incident theory - accident causation
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Ask question end product of aerobic repiration are

According to the theory of natural selection, what factor below contributed to the current variations in beak sizes of finch species on the Galapagos islands? a. Finches dispersed


Adult (Post natal) stem cells : act as repair system for the body replenishing specialized cells but also maintain the normal turnover of regenerative organs such as blood, skin o

What are arterial vessels, arteries and arterioles? Arterial vessels are each blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the tissues. Arteries and arterioles are arteria

Explain the Eukaryotic Gene Expression ? Eukaryotic cells regulate the transcription of individual genes, large parts of chromosomes, or even entire chromosomes. Gene expressi

Occurrence of folic acid Folic acid is an active principle widely  occurring in the animal and vegetable kingdom. Richest sources are liver, dark  green leafy vegetables, bean

how can i explain the biphasic graph i get fom combination of two drugs?

Processing of roughage Roughages constitute the bulk of the ration of farm animals and these include green fodder (leguminous and non-leguminous), grasses, and various crop re

Q. What are the blood vessels that carry venous blood to the heart? What is the blood vessel that collects arterial blood from the heart? The blood vessels that debouch in the