The accident or incident theory - accident causation, Biology

The Accident or Incident Theory - Accident Causation

Peterson when reiterating the significance of human factors added such factors as ergonomic traps, the decision to err and system failure like additional causes to accident occurrence. He as well redefined overload as combination of pressure, fatigue, motivation, drugs, alcohol and worry. Ergonomic traps were described as incompatible workstation with shortcomings of size, force, reach and feel. Misjudgement of the risk, unconscious desire to commit error and logical decision based upon misjudged situation were included under decision to err. The decision to err may be conscious and based upon worker's logic or it may be unconscious. A variety of pressures like meeting the deadline, pressure from peers and budget consideration may lead a person to behave in unsafe way.

Peterson in his enunciation stressed on system failure component comprising casual relationship between management policy or decision and safety. It as well emphasizes upon greater and more important role of management in safety by way of making awareness and imparting training to workers. The management may not define the accountability and authority in respect of safety to add to failure of system. The management might erroneously conclude, that "it won't happen here", and this very idea may become the cause of accident. An instance of this theory operating was found in a poultry processing industry with the best professional in safety heading the 0rganisation:He paid personal attention to each detail like training, use of safe cutting instruments, measurement of work and usually made every worker safety conscious. His achievement got him elected to position of president of association of safety managers. His attention was divided among in his own work and duties of president of association. His well-organized outlook and care to serve the association developed the attitude that "it won't happen here" that led to system failure. A large number of workers filed compensation claim for suffering from carpal tunnel syndrome, a disease affecting soft tissues due to repetitive work. The company by its own investigator confirmed the system failure and agreed to pay compensation, even though employees themselves were guilty of decision to err.

Posted Date: 1/28/2013 6:48:11 AM | Location : United States

Related Discussions:- The accident or incident theory - accident causation, Assignment Help, Ask Question on The accident or incident theory - accident causation, Get Answer, Expert's Help, The accident or incident theory - accident causation Discussions

Write discussion on The accident or incident theory - accident causation
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Variety of Locomotion A number of animals are sendentary, remaining attached to some substratum. These animals may move parts of their body but this does not result in the mov

Hemerythrins - Respiratory Pigments The Hemerythrins are rather rare. They take place in some animals belonging to the minor phyla like the sipunculid worms, some brachiopods,

why protozoass dont have vaccines esp. plasmodiums

Explain about the Musculoskeletal System? Osteopenia (decrease in bone mineral content) is observed with aging. There is an average of 30% decline in the bone mineral density f

Define role of Vitamin D in controlling gene expression? Vitamin D is a secosteroid that is metabolically activated and degraded through the actions of three cytochrome P450 hy

Q. What is the function of the right ventricle? To where does the right ventricle pump the venous blood? The venous blood is carried as of the right ventricle to the lungs by t

Membrane proteins are classify as either integral (intrinsic) or peripheral (extrinsic) depending on how tightly they are linked with membrane. The Integral membrane proteins are s

Q. Rapport Building of Counselling process of diabetic patient? 1. Rapport Building - Introduce yourself to the counsellee. - Get the introduction of counsellee. - Sit

Explain about Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) ? ASD occurs as an isolated anomaly in 5- 10 per cent of all CHDs. These communications occur in four sites i.e. in the central portion

Hemoglobins - Process of Respiration Hemoglobins are the very well known of all respiratory pigments. The basic molecular unit of Hemoglobin contains a haem group bound to a