Testing the slope, Managerial Accounting

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Testing the Slope

The strong point of the relationship among the dependent variable and each of the independent variables can be determined using 3 methods:

1) Correlation coefficient (r): Correlation coefficient measures the degree of association between two variables such as the cost and the activity level.

2) Standard error of the slope (Sb):
Correlation coefficient measures the degree of association between two variables such as the cost and the activity level.

3) Z or t statistics:

If n ≥30 we use Z, if, n < 30 we use t statistics. These statistics can be used to test the hypothesis:

Ho:  B = O that is, there is no relationship between X and Y
HA:  B≠ O There is a significant relationship between X and Y


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