Temperate deciduous forest - ecosystem, Biology

Temperate deciduous forest - Ecosystem

The temperate forests are characterised by a moderate climate and broad-leafed deciduous trees, which shed their leaves in fall, are bare over winter and grow new foliage in the spring. These forests are characteristic of north America, Europe, Eastern Asia, Chile, part of Australia and Japan, with a cold winter and an annual rainfall of 75-150 cm. and a temperature of 10-20°C. The precipitation may be fairly uniform throughout year. In Himalayas occur Temperate vegetation including pines, fir and juniper trees with an undergrowth of scrubby rhododendrons at elevations of 2743-3658 metres.

Trees are quite tall about 40-50 m in height and their leaves are thin and broad. The predominant genera of this biome are maple (Acer), beach (Faqus), oak (Quercus), hickory (Carya), basswood (Tilia), chestnut (Castnea), and cotton wood (Populus). In some locations, coniferous vegetation may be quite predominant and that includes white pines (Pinus strobus), and willow (Salix). Soils of temperate forests are podozolic and fairly deep. The animals inhabiting the temperate forests are deer, beers, squirrels, gray foxes, bobcats, wild turkey and woodpeckers. Common invertebrates include earthworms, snails, millipedes, coleoptera and orthoptera and vertebrates like amphibians such as toad. Salamander cricket and frog, reptiles, such as turtle, lizard and snake, mammals such as racoon, opossum, pig, mountain lion, etc. and birds like horned owl, hawks, etc. The range of animal size and adaptations is wide; the larger animals include such as deer and black deer. The dominant carnivores are large including the wolf and mountain lion although smaller carnivores such as fox and skunk are also common. Plants and animals of temperate forest allow a profound seasonality in behaviour, some even hibernate throughout the winter.

Posted Date: 1/19/2013 2:51:41 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Temperate deciduous forest - ecosystem, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Temperate deciduous forest - ecosystem, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Temperate deciduous forest - ecosystem Discussions

Write discussion on Temperate deciduous forest - ecosystem
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Glands - 1 .      SEBACEOUS GLAND - Absent in palm and sole. Holocrine in nature. Branched, alveoli are present, sac like in appearance. Generally attached to fo

Define Requirements of Chromium? There is no Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) for chromium but adequate intakes that can be used as a goal for individual intakes has been pr

Define the Psychological problems - Effect of Obesity? Obese people may be exposed to ridicule and discrimination in areas like employment, promotions and social interactions.

Point out Research Findings Related to Cancer Prevention? In this section we shall discuss some of the research findings related to cancer prevention. Many of the natural, canc

tell me the general characters of monopisthocotylea

Q. Can high blood pressure causes the cardiovascular disease? Hypertension or high blood pressure: It is also one of the risk factors of cardiovascular disease and is frequentl

Q. Symptoms of hiatus hernia? In most patients, no symptoms are seen. When symptoms do occur, they are: 1. discomfort after heavy meal, 2. Difficulty in breathing while l

What are some things that have algae in them? Yeast is considered Algae.

Q. What is the difference between mussels and octopuses regarding their circulatory systems? How does that difference influence the mobility of these animals? Cephalopod mollus

Explain Zalcitabine and adverse effects Zalcitabine - Zalcitabine appears to be less effective, less convenient and more toxic than the other NRTIs; it is used rarely. Ad