Firm technology put affects not only its final products but also its raw material processes and operations along with its customer segments for example: Telecom industry, IT Industry etc.
(a)Options Available in Technology: A firm must assess the relative merits & costs effectiveness of swap technologies. It has to remain aware regarding technological changes taking place in the industry.
(b)Government's Approach in Respect of Technology: Regulations by the government. In matters relating to technology limit the freedom of operation of business firm. There can be areas where technology can support the use of recent technology or they may forbid technologies that are potentially not safe.
(c)Technology Selection: Firms must scan the technology environment & choose technologies that will be suitable for the firm &the given product -- market situation. They need to forecast technological trends, assess current and emergency techniques.