Suing and being Sued:
Because a company is at law a different person altogether from its members it follows that a wrong to, or by, the company does not legally constitute a wrong to, or by, the company's members. Consequently:
(a) A member or members cannot institute legal proceedings to redress a wrong to the company. The company as the injured party is, generally speaking,the proper plaintiff. This is illustrated by the facts of, and the decision in, Foss v Harbottle (6).
(b) A member cannot be sued to redress a wrong by the company. This is illustrated by Salomon v Salomon& Co Ltd (3) in which it was held that Salomon was not liable for the company's debts and should not therefore have been sued to recover them.