Structure of a cobol program, COBOL Programming

Structure of a COBOL Program:

Every COBOL program should have the 4 divisions in the order in which they are specified below:

1. Identification division

2. Environment Division

3. Data Division

4. Procedure Division

In the Identification division the particulars about the author, date of writing the program etc will be specified.

In the Environment division, the particulars about the computer environment under which the program was compiled and written etc. will be informed.

In the Data division, the variables which are used by the program will be defined and it is a significant division for the program.

In the procedure division, the programming statements will be written and it is the most important division.

Under the divisions there are different sections intended for specific purposes. To name a few, the working-storage section and File section come under the Data division. Their aim will be to allocate memory space for the variables and to notify the files which are to be used with the program.

The statement of a COBOL program can be written in one or more coding lines. To carry on in the next line one has to use the hyphen (-) in the column 7.

Posted Date: 10/16/2012 3:23:34 AM | Location : United States

Related Discussions:- Structure of a cobol program, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Structure of a cobol program, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Structure of a cobol program Discussions

Write discussion on Structure of a cobol program
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
READ STATEMENT: The aim of this verb is to make available the next logical record from the input file. It is important to note the meaning of the "next" logical record in the

Illustration of Perform with varying option: A) Perform para-3 varying the k from 1 by 1 until k > 10. Here para-3 will be constantly executed 10 times (For k=1,2,3, .....1

PROGRAM FOR SCREEN SECTION WITH FILES: identification division.   program- id.   environment division.          input-output section.   file-control.     select

PROGRAM FOR MASTER FILE MAINTENANCE: We have to write a program to keep the stu-file for which a record has just 2 fields,viz., rno(Roll Number) and name(Student Name). Give t

PROGRAM FOR SCREEN SECTION:  identification division.   program- id.   environment division.   data division.   working-storage section.   01  a pic 9(2) value

REDEFINES CLAUSE: At times it may be found that two or more storage regions defined in the DATA DIVISION are not in use concurrently. In such situations only one storage regio

Program for Sequential File Creation & Rewriting  We have to write a program to create a Length file with just two fields: l (Length) and l-c (Length-Code). Add a few records.

single program how may when statement has used

Record Description for the Variable-length Records: When the variable- length records consists of records of various lengths, each record type is to be explained at level 01 f

Example of Write statement: Illustration: (i) WRITE TRANS-RECORD AFTER ADVANCING 3 LINES. This WRITE statement specified that the TRANS-RECORD is a record name of a fi